Need help with your Assignment?

Get a timely done, PLAGIARISM-FREE paper
from our highly-qualified writers!

Unit 3 Assignment Power and Leadership

Unit 3 Assignment Power and Leadership

Research David McClelland’s Need for Power, socialized power and personalized power.

David McClelland argues that the need for power is among the basic types of motivation for human beings. The need for power refers to an individual’s desire to gain influence. The desire can be manifested in an attempt to make other people behave as an individual would want or in a way that they may not have behaved without influence. Individuals with a high need for power look for position power so that they can compel other people’s actions. They prefer being competitive, actively looking for status that gives them power, and is status-driven to circumstances. They are also concerned with ensuring that the strategies they choose for influencing others are within their control. The motivation for power can therefore be conceptualized as either socialized or personalized power.

In your own words, explain the two types of power.

Personalized and socialized power are convergent in the yearning to have influence but divergent in their outcomes. Personalized power refers to the desire for dominance or direct control for antisocial and self-serving ends (Eli Zaluchu, 2020). Individuals with personalized power usually pay less attention to the thoughts and needs of other people. This type of power is also associated with acquiring prestigious belongings and vertical individualism. Magee & Langner (2008) argue that they additionally have less self-control or inhibition and demonstrate power in an impulsive way. They also offer advice characterized by strategic intent to support their status and demand loyalty to their leadership instead of the organization. Socialized power is, on the other hand, manifested indirectly by supporting others and providing guidance (Eli Zaluchu, 2020). This type of power focuses on directing power to benefit other people and the organization instead of only contributing to the gain and status of the leader. Such leaders are hesitant to use power in a way that seems manipulative, are less defensive and narcissistic, accumulate fewer symbols of status or power and material possessions, have long-term perspectives, and are more willing to accept advice and consultation (Moon et al., 2021). They acknowledge that power must be shared and distributed and that everyone should have some level of control over their jobs.

Include examples of how each type of power was used by a leader.

Personalized power is prevalent in most societies because many leaders use their power to enrich themselves at the expense of their subjects. One of the examples of how personalized power was used by a leader was during the building of more wards in the community health center where I was working. Our project leader had high personalized power, and throughout the project, he used the resources provided by the government for his personal gains. He also threatened us by stating that anyone who would report the mismanagement of funds to government authorities would be fired. Some senior officials who were part of the project’s stakeholders were bribed to ensure that they remained silent about the mismanagement of funds. The project was eventually put on hold because of lax of enough resources for its completion.

I experienced socialized power when I was an intern at a logistics company. The leader was supportive of the employees and ensured that shifts were distributed equally for all employees. We also had a suggestion box where employees could put their suggestions and express concerns about anything going wrong in the company. We were also allowed to enroll in training and development programs that were introduced every six months. The manager could sometimes join us in arranging goods in the warehouse whenever there were a lot of shipments coming in. Employees were also allowed to choose whether they would like to work overtime or not. Every employee would also receive two days off once a month. We would also participate in decision making especially for matters directly affecting employees.

Also discuss how you have used both types of power in your career or life experiences.

One of the situations where I had to use personalized power was when I was the head of interns in my workplace. During that time, the company was providing a stipend for all interns, and they were embraced as members of the workforce. I used my position to avoid completing various tasks assigned to me because I could assign them to interns who completed them without complaining. I also missed some shifts when the manager was not around because I knew that the interns would complete the tasks I was expected to complete during the missed shifts.

One of the situations where I applied socialized power was when I was the head of sales in an automobile organization. I encouraged the sales team members to work together and incorporated them into making decisions on what we would do to boost sales and deal with customer complaints. I also convinced the top management in the company to increase the salaries of the sales agents who made the most sales.


The use of personalized and socialized power is influenced by a person’s personality and may have a significant impact on the leadership style selected by an individual. It is, however, important for an individual to adopt the use of socialized power more than personalized power to create peaceful coexistence with others and achieve effective leadership. It is also important to choose the type of power to use based on the situation an individual is facing and their environment.


Eli Zaluchu, S. (2020). Personalized versus socialized charismatic leader: Autobiografi Pelayanan Simson Sebagai Hakim Israel. Fidei: Jurnal Teologi Sistematika dan Praktika, 3(1), 144-159.

Magee, J. C., & Langner, C. A. (2008). How personalized and socialized power motivation facilitate antisocial and prosocial decision-making. Journal of Research in Personality, 42(6), 1547-1559.

Moon, B., Lee, N. M., & Bourdage, J. S. (2021). Personalized and socialized need for power: Distinct relations to employee traits and behaviors. Canadian Journal of Behavioural Science / Revue canadienne des sciences du comportement.


We’ll write everything from scratch


Unit 3 Assignment Power And Leadership


This week we learned about the differences in leadership, emotional intelligence, and power in each individual. For this assignment, you will use information from research about David McClelland’s Need for Power to write a paper about different types of power and how power can be used.

Unit 3 Assignment Power And Leadership

Unit 3 Assignment Power And Leadership


  • Research David McClelland’s Need for Power, socialized power and personalized
  • In your own words, explain the two types of power.
  • Include examples of how each type of power was used by a leader.
    • You can use examples you personally witnessed, or examples from a current or historical business and/or a social or political figure.
  • Also discuss how you have used both types of power in your career or life experiences.


  • Develop a clear introduction with a thesis, a body, and a conclusion. Focus on quality of writing, as opposed to
  • Research and include at least one additional, credible reference from an outside source pertaining to the leader you
  • Use APA formatting for the cover page, citations, and the reference page. No abstract is

Be sure to read the criteria by which your work will be evaluated before you write and again after you write.

Evaluation Rubric for Unit 3 Assignment

CRITERIA Deficient Needs Improvement Proficient Exemplary
(0-15 points) (16-24 points) (25-33 points) (34-40 points)
Examples of Does not Includes one to Includes Includes clear,
Types of include two examples of examples of detailed
Power examples of either a leader both a leader examples of
either a leader or themself and themself both a leader
or themself using using both and themself
using personalized personalized using both
personalized and socialized and socialized personalized
and socialized power. power but and socialized
power. examples lack power.
(0-4 points) (5-7 points) (8 points) (9-10 points)
Introduction Unclear or Introduction and Introduction Clear, well-
and Thesis incomplete thesis are with a partially developed,
Statement present but lack developed introduction and
detail and thesis. thesis.
McClelland’s Does not Includes some Includes both Includes
Concepts discuss information concepts and detailed and
and concepts or about either theories but is clear information
Theories theories. concepts or lacking details. about both
theories. concepts and
Supporting Lacks specific, There is Adequately Well-supported
Evidence/ credible, and evidence of supported with with a broad
Analysis relevant some support in a limited spectrum of
support. the paper, but it spectrum of specific,
Development of is not tied in well specific, credible, and
position / with the credible, and relevant
argument is development of relevant evidence.
inadequate or the position or evidence. Position /
missing. argument. Development argument is
of position or well-developed,
argument is very thoughtful,
thoughtful and and persuasive.
persuasive but
lacks some
Grammar Lacks polish Some polish and Generally Polished and
and and does not proficiency in polished and demonstrates a
Mechanics demonstrate grammar and demonstrates high level of
proficiency in proficiency in proficiency in


grammar and mechanics. mechanics is present. grammar and mechanics. grammar and mechanics.
Conclusion No conclusion included. Conclusion is present but does not tie in with the rest of the paper. Some attempt at a conclusion, but it is not well written. Well-written and fully developed conclusion.


Paper has no APA formatting and contains no credible references. There is some attempt at APA formatting in the paper, but it is not correctly used. One credible reference is


Paper lacks one element of APA (cover, references or in-text citations), but does contain one credible


Paper has all elements of APA formatting used properly with at least one credible reference used.


Order Solution Now