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Linear and Angular Motion-Athletes

Linear and Angular Motion-Athletes

In human motion, athletes must comprehend and enhance movement to succeed in their particular sports. Kinematics and kinetics research can shed light on the relationships between forces, velocities, and the various types of motion, including linear, angular, and general motion. Every sort of motion has its difficulties and potential for development. This essay gives two distinct examples of motion, one linear and the other angular, and explains how velocity forces are calculated for each form of motion.

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Unique Examples of Linear Motion and Angular Motion

A sprinter competing in the 100-meter dash is a striking illustration of linear motion. Although the athlete’s movement incorporates a combination of linear and angular motion, the ultimate objective is to go the shortest distance from start to finish in a straight line. The sprinter’s limbs swing as they rotate due to joint pivoting (Alt et al., 2022). The athlete’s center of gravity also changes position with each stride. On the other hand, a gymnast’s swinging motion on the uneven bars illustrates angular motion. A gymnast displays angular motion as they revolve around a bar. The gymnast creates rotational movement as they release from one bar, rotating around the axis the bar provides. The athlete’s body twists at an angle while they execute various moves that involve quarter, half, or even numerous full turns (360° revolutions).

How Forces of Velocity Are Measured For Each Type of Motion

There are several ways to measure the forces of velocity in linear motion. One typical method is using speedometers or GPS devices to monitor, for instance, an athlete’s speed. These tools calculate the linear velocity by measuring the rate of change of location over time. Additionally, video analysis techniques can be used to capture their movement and calculate their velocity by tracking the displacement of an athlete’s body or particular body parts between frames. The computation of average or instantaneous linear velocity is possible using this methodology. Ground reaction forces, which shed light on the forces generated during linear motion, can also be measured using force plates or pressure sensors built into the ground.

The forces of velocity are measured differently for angular motion. Various instruments and methods can be used to calculate angular velocity, which denotes the rate of change of angular displacement over time (Liu et al., 2021). One approach is utilizing motion capture equipment with markers applied to an athlete’s body or particular body parts. These markers are tracked to calculate the change in angular displacement and determine the angular velocity, and their positions are noted. High-speed cameras can record an athlete’s movement in sports like gymnastics, where angular motion is important. This allows frame-by-frame analysis to quantify angular displacement and then calculate angular velocity.

How the Movement of the Object Can Be Changed Each Scenario

An object’s movement in a linear motion can be altered or enhanced in several ways. Optimizing the athlete’s form or technique is one strategy. Athletes can improve their linear motion by decreasing unneeded motions, reducing drag, and maximizing their stride length and frequency by improving their running mechanics. Improved linear motion can be achieved through proper body alignment, effective arm swings, and coordinated leg movements (Mineshita et al., 2020). Additionally, strength and power training regimens can improve an athlete’s capacity for producing force and forward motion, resulting in accelerated speed and enhanced linear movement. More explosive and effective linear motion can be achieved by strengthening the lower body, especially the sprinting-related muscles. Moreover, employing strategies such as sprint-specific drills, interval training, and plyometric exercises can help improve acceleration, top speed, and overall linear movement performance.

The movement of an object can also be altered or enhanced in angular motion in various ways. Developing one’s abilities and honing one’s techniques are essential for angular motion optimization. Athletes might focus on their body alignment, timing, and synchronization to improve their capacity to rotate or spin effectively. They may concentrate on exerting force through the proper joints and body parts, enabling smoother and more precise angular movements. Exercises that increase range of motion and flexibility can help athletes perform complex actions more fluidly and with greater angular displacement (Qi et al., 2023). Additionally, angular motion-specific strength and power training can improve an athlete’s capacity to produce torque and rotational force. Developing core stability and lower body strength, for example, can contribute to more powerful and precise angular movements. Coaches and trainers can also implement targeted drills and exercises that simulate sport-specific angular motions, enabling athletes to refine their technique and improve their angular movement proficiency.


Increasing mobility is a crucial component of athletic achievement in human motion. Athletes can spot areas for improvement and put focused plans into action by comprehending the forces of velocity involved in linear, angular, and general motion. Athletes can improve their movement by honing technique, maximizing strength and power, and increasing coordination and synchronization. Athletes can reach their maximum potential by improving their talents in each type of motion, whether running faster in a straight line, performing accurate spins and rotations, or smoothly switching between linear and angular motions.


Alt, T., Oeppert, T. J., Zedler, M., Goldmann, J.-P., Braunstein, B., & Willwacher, S. (2022). A novel guideline for the analysis of linear acceleration mechanics – outlining a conceptual framework of “shin roll” motion. Sports Biomechanics, 1–18.

Liu, J., Xu, Y., & Pan, G. (2021). A combined acoustic and dynamic model of a defective ball bearing. Journal of Sound and Vibration, 501, 116029.

Mineshita, H., Otani, T., Sakaguchi, M., Kawakami, Y., Lim, H. O., & Takanishi, A. (2020, October 1). Jumping Motion Generation for Humanoid Robot Using Arm Swing Effectively and Changing in Foot Contact Status. IEEE Xplore.

Qi, J., Li, D., He, J., & Wang, Y. (2023). Optically Non-Contact Cross-Country Skiing Action Recognition Based on Key-Point Collaborative Estimation and Motion Feature Extraction. Sensors, 23(7), 3639.


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Week 5 Assignment:
research the examples provided in the textbook and describe one unique example of linear motion and one unique example of angular motion.

Linear and Angular Motion-Athletes

Linear and Angular Motion-Athletes

Explain how the forces of velocity are measured for each type of motion. Be sure to discuss how the movement of the object can be changed or improved in each scenario.

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