Impacts of Weight Loss Techniques on Overall Health
Lately there have been a lot of advertisement on losing weight, women especially wants to have the perfect body. Obesity have increased over the last 30 years in every group and are causing health care costs to billions of dollars. The weight loss business has become 50 billion dollar industry, be it surgery for weight loss, fad diet, support program or just exercising. Losing weight and getting healthy is hard work and determination. “According to the CDC (2010) obesity is defined as anyone that have a BMI above thirty” (www.cdc.gov). There are so many products and programs available today to promote weight loss and healthy living.
Obesity can cause a lot health problems, such as high blood pressure, psychological problems, diabetes, stroke and heart disease. As you know most of us enjoy food, I can say I think about eating good food all the time. Hunger goes beyond just simple nourishment, there are biological factors and psychological factors around being hungry. “Appetite control is a function of the brain, more specifically the hypothalamus. The hypothalamus controls appetite and coordinates this with energy utilization. It is therefore, responsible for maintenance of body weight, carefully adjusting food intake to physical activity” (Schwartz, Woods, Porta, Seeley, Baskin 2000).
It’s no secret there are many diets that can help obese people lose weight. A good diet plan is an effective wat for obese people to lose weight. The nutritionist that we have for Weight Watchers says that it is the best diet to help lose weight and keep off the pounds. But it does not guarantee it works for everyone. Some dieters have problems staying on the wagon even when they use the best weight loss diet it is. The Biggest Loser Diet ranks behind Weight Watchers, it is very effective because of the calorie restrictions and physical activity. In order for a person to keep the pounds off, you have to burn calories. When a healthy diet and physical activity is combined it is the most effective method to lose weight. Dieting do have its pros and cons, these have been the topic of debate among doctors worldwide. It is not a bad idea to diet the question is, is it healthy. Certain diets, especially fad diets can be harmful causing illness and various health issues. They have been around for a long time, such as low-carbohydrate diets and low fat diets. These diets make you look good but they damage your body, one disadvantage of low carb diets you lose the weight but you end of gaining all of it back. The lack of vital nutrients with these diets, such as nutritional fiber, vitamins and minerals create problems later on in life.
Not only does dieting cause different issues, exercising can cause issues also, because they possess some drawbacks. It is best to consult your doctor before beginning any exercise regimen to prevent injury. Another option people consider when on the journey to weight lose are diet pills, but these also come with risks such as , blood pressure problems, heart problems, and strokes. Exercise can put a lot of stress on your body, some of the effects are dehydration, and sweating removes water from the body this causes dehydration. When exercising you should drink plenty of water, have an exercise schedule to keep from overworking your body. The diet pills side effects range from mild to severe, some of the side effects are, cramping, and gas, diarrhea and constipation these are some of the mild side effects. The severe are increase heart rate, blood pressure, and stroke. With all diets we should consult our doctors how they will affect us or if they are beneficial or whether you will need vitamins supplements.
Over the last forty years obesity specialist have found that even after extensive research there is no proven method for lasting weight loss whether is achieved through exercise, diet or drugs. Weight loss surgery is a little more effective than any other method, there are risks just as anything else, plus some hard decisions involved also. Before the bypass surgery the patient has to meet strict guidelines. For example. The patient has to be a least one hundred pound overweight if not their life will be in danger. Their medical history has to have some bad problems in it such as, heart problems, diabetes and high blood pressure due to them being obese. Here in Memphis I know they have to see a psychologist before surgery and they have to also eat certain foods. The doctor has to make sure the patient understands that they have go by a strict diet after the surgery because the stomach can stretch back out and they will regain the weight if diet not followed. A very important step for the patient is to quit smoking and limit use of alcohol consumption, it is very important because these can cause major problems.
Most patient that have the gastric bypass are told by their doctor what the health risks are, however they can be fatal patients can die from the procedure, develop gallstones, nutritional deficiencies and breakdown of the staple line. It is very important that a team of professionals help people to effectively manage their life time behavioral changes that will take place for the person to achieve his/her goals. I know for a fact there can be complications if you do not follow the guidelines before and after surgery. My sister had the surgery years ago before it became popular she had to have it because of sleep apnea. She did not do what she was supposed to do after the surgery, such as exercise, walk every day and she overate every time. She loss weight but not like she should have, and then the weight loss just sopped because she did not exercise and kept overeating.
“The single most important challenge in the clinical management of obesity is improving long term maintenance of weight loss. Research on treatments for obesity has doubled over the last 20 years in regard to effectiveness in inducing weight change. Short term weight losses now average about 10% of initial body weight” (Jeffrey, Kelly, Rothman, Sherwood, Boutelle, 2004). “Reduction in weight following a cognitive-behavioral weight loss intervention were associated with improvements in overall well-being, depression, anxiety, and ratings of self-control, vitality, and positive well-being” (Swencions, Wylie-Rosett, Ginsberg, 2013).
The adolescent eating disorders are anorexia nervosa in which they use to starve themselves to lose weight. They will become a skeletal thinness and still think they are fat. Bulimia is when they binge on food and then make themselves throw up. They often use laxatives to get the food out of their system, all of these young adolescents who have these problems are considered to suffer from psychiatric disorder. These biological changes are caused by increased dieting and unhealthy behaviors, like negative body images, when someone is always telling them they are fat in early childhood and lack of confidence.
“There are multiple behavioral pathways to and from obesity (Go-Science 2007). Many weight management programmers involve combinations of these approaches and they all encourage or induce fundamental changes in behavior at the level of self-management, diet and/or physical activity. There are very limit selection of drugs for the treatment of obesity” (Stubbs, Lavin 2013). Obesity runs in the family, this means it is genetic, however our families also not only share genes but diet and other habits that contribute to obesity. With children it’s in the genes but it’s also what they eat, such as junk food like candy, drinks, hamburgers and fries. Most families today do not cook hot meals they feed their children fast foods like pizza, and McDonalds. We cannot change our genetic makeup but we can change the way we feed our families, and also help them to be active. Our children are not getting the right amount of exercise, with video games, and television it has made it hard for children to go outside to play. My girls and I plus my grandchildren are obese, the girls are more obese than I am, and they know that it’s very unhealthy because I am always preaching it to them.
Gradual elevation of body weight leads numerous individuals to dieting and weight loss behavioral, nevertheless, the prevalence of obesity continues to rise in industrialized countries. The examination of motivation determinants of dietary modification (“dieting”) in order to identify clusters of individuals in the first six months of their efforts to control body weight was the aim of the current study. The theories of self –determination and self-esteem formation guided our analysis” ( Georgiadis, 2006). You have internal motivation to lose weight. A lot of people will start a program to lose and then all of a sudden stop doing it because they lose the little motivation that they did have. All because they do not see the weight going anywhere and then are discouraged. I am very guilty of this also.
There are lots of false and misleading claims in weight loss advertising, I am one that has fallen victim of these advertisement. Especially if they say no exercise, however I still have to end up walking or going to the gym to lose the weight. Losing weight is a very difficult journey and people makes many attempts to lose weight to no avail. Americans struggle to shed the unwanted pounds, they have to choose product like weight watchers or the biggest loser, these offer methods for achieving moderate weight lose over time with exercise. Over the last few years or so popular weight loss methods are; diet pills, over the counter drugs, surgical procedures, stomach stapling and jaw wiring. The key to a long term weight loss is a permanent lifestyle change, like nutritious diets, at maybe a 1200 calorie level and exercising.
Georgiadis, Manolis M., (2006). Health Education Journal
Jeffery, R.W., Kelly K.M., Rothman A.J., Serwood N.E. Boutelle K.N., (2004). The Weight Loss Experience: A Descriptive Analysis.
M.W. Schwartz, S.C. Wood, D. Porta Jr., Randy J. Seely and D.G. Baskin, Central nervous system of food intake.
Stubbs, R.J. Lavin, J.H. (2013) The Challenges of Implementing Behavior Changes that Lead to Sustained Weight Management.
Wylie-Rosett, J., Swencionis, C., Ginsberg, M., Cimino, C., Wasserthiel-Smoller, S., Caban, A., (2013). Weight change, psychological well-being and vitality in adults participating in a cognitive-behavioral weight program.
www.cdc.gov/healthyweight/assessing/bmi/index Body Mass Index (BMI)
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Examine weight loss techniques,and how each impacts overall health. Share both positive as well as negative approaches.
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