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BOAT Framework

BOAT Framework

Technological developments in socio-political and communication means that firms should function in highly competitive international markets (Mehandjiev & Grefen, 2010). The markets tend to demand increased competence and develop compound products to address short-existent market openings. Consequently, there is pressure on resources, and the efficiency of personal firms inspires a high Virtual Enterprises (VEs) presence, whereby organizations amass forces in an attempt to handle the business openings. Typically, virtual enterprises disappear once the opportunity ends. When it comes to automated support for the VEs domain, there is an amalgamation of demand-pull and technology-push forces, and fast developments are evident in combining them. In this regard, the BOAT framework comprises aspects that describe a Virtual Enterprise e-business situation, and the letters represent Business, Organization, Architecture and Technology (Grefen, 2015).

Typically, the business feature depicts e-business goals or the economic theory for its being (Mehandjiev & Grefen, 2010). Consequently, this aspect responds to the query of the reason behind the existence of a precise e-business set-up or, basically, what should be attained. Additionally, the organization feature defines how firms are designed to attain the goals that the B aspect described. In this aspect, the core ingredients constitute business processes and organization structures, and here, the automated systems tend not to yet be in scope. On the other hand, the Architecture facet covers the automated information systems’ conceptual structure necessary in making the organizations that the O feature work has defined. Lastly, the Technology facet represents the technological recognition of the systems, which the A facet stipulates. Typically, the T feature tends to cover the tangible ingredients from communication and information technology, and they comprise hardware, software-only if applicable, as well as protocols.


Grefen, P. (2015). Beyond E-business: towards networked structures. Routledge.

Mehandjiev, N., & Grefen, P. (Eds.). (2010). Dynamic business process formation for instant virtual enterprises (Vol. 39). London: Springer.


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Describe the BOAT framework and discuss the possible ways in which these aspects are related to each other.

BOAT Framework

BOAT Framework

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