Watson’s Theory Concepts
Jean Watson, in her theory of caring, contends that caring potentiates a person’s capabilities and regenerates life energies. The benefits are many and promote professional and personal self-actualization. Caring is mutually beneficial for the nurse, the patient, and also between the health team members. Additionally, Watson also emphasizes that nurses ought to care for themselves so that they can care for others; self-healing is a necessary process for energy reserves’ rejuvenation and for replenishing the nurse’s spiritual deposits (Warson & Woodward, 2020). Orem’s theory, on the other hand, is also based on the premise that an individual is capable of self-care. Self-care, according to Orem, comprises actions that individuals deliberately and freely initiate and perform on their own to maintain their well-being, health, and life. Of the three parts of Orem’s theory, the theory of self-care focuses on the practices or performance of activities that a person performs on their behalf. The actions may be those that develop or correct health conditions or deviation and maintain one’s functioning and life (Hartweg, 2015). The difference between the two theories is that Warson included ten creative factors, with the first three factors forming the “philosophical foundation” for caring as a science. At the same time, the remainder is based on that foundation. Orem’s theory, on the other hand, has two additional parts besides the ones mentioned earlier, and these are the theory of self-care deficit and the theory of nursing.
Nursing theories ought to offer principles that form the basis of practice and help in generating further knowledge in nursing. However, there is a disagreement on nursing theory in literature, and this confuses nurses, thus causing many a nurse to dismiss nursing theory as not being relevant to practice. However, by giving a nurse a sense of identity, a nursing theory can help managers, patients, and other healthcare professionals to appreciate the unique contribution made by nurses to healthcare services.
Hartweg, D. L. (2015). Dorothea Orem’s self-care deficit nursing theory. Nursing theories and nursing practice, 105-132.
Watson, J., & Woodward, T. K. (2020). Jean Watson’s theory of human caring. SAGE Publications Limited.
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Find a concept within Watson’s Theory of Caring and a similar concept within any other nursing theory. Compare the two concepts for similarities and differences. Illustrate how a person reading about an idea can influence their understanding if they have a different definition of a concept than the author.
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