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The Impact of Flooding on Farmlands

The Impact of Flooding on Farmlands


The impact of flooding on agricultural lands has received less attention from scholars, with a plethora of relevant studies covering other outcomes of natural calamity, such as destruction of property, damaged infrastructure, and loss of lives. Flooding from sources, such as heavy rainfall, rise in sea, lake, and river levels, and poor post-flood management practices, is yet to be examined extensively by researchers, and this inhibits the speedy creation of policies that can help affected persons. Available studies show that farmers are the greatest casualties of flooding, as the natural hazard results in the loss of farmlands and crops, which are their source of livelihood. Given the intensity of the negative impacts of flooding on farmlands, there is a need to research in-depth why this issue occurs frequently and how it can be mitigated to prevent its undesirable outcomes.

Background Information

Over the years, farmers have continued to witness helplessly as they lose their crops and farmland to flooding. Today’s global warming experienced in many regions across the world has disrupted climates, causing natural calamities, such as flooding. Sea levels have continued to rise significantly as rainfall patterns become increasingly unpredictable, and this has affected farmlands near these regions negatively. For instance, every time the sea levels rise because of sporadic rainfalls caused by global warming, the excessive water runs into low-lying farmlands nearby. Excessive water destroys crops, and with the lack of research on proper post-flood management practices, farmers experience substantial losses that cannot be adequately compensated (Gould et al., 1546). Every year, as rainfall patterns change, farmers find it difficult to predict how sea, lake, and river levels will rise or fall. Worse, these farmers are not well-equipped to manage unpredictable floods, and this increases the susceptibility to unmitigated crop loss. As such, there is a need to study the reasons for flooding and how this natural calamity impacts farmlands.

Significance of the Study

Studying the impact of flooding on agricultural lands is essential for several reasons. Firstly, flooding causes crop loss, and many farmers experience this issue yearly. It appears that even current measures to protect farmers from losing their farmlands to flooding are insufficient, considering the continued severity of this problem even yearly. The study of the impact of flooding on farmlands will help researchers discover the root causes of this natural calamity and then create remedial strategies to possibly end this problem permanently. For instance, many farmers attribute their loss of crops and farmlands to heavy rainfalls that occur seasonally but perhaps flooding is mainly caused by global warming (Ara, 335). If measures to mitigate global warming are instituted in these regions, then flooding may be remedied to give affected farmers relief.

Secondly, it is essential to study flooding and its impact on farmlands to increase awareness of the issue and arouse farmers to push the national government to institute remedies they have on paper but not actualized yet. Most national governments have employed environmental experts before to assess reasons for flooding in their productive regions, and these studies have propelled the creation of admirable policies that are yet to be instituted. If comprehensive research is published concerning flooding and its impact on farmlands, this study could be publicized as a way to compel the national government to execute designed policies that help farmers post-flooding and reduce the possibility of increased sea, lake, and river levels to destroy crops. Lastly, Farmers could also be made aware of seasons they are likely to experience flooding to help them plan their planting and harvesting calendars appropriately. Overall, the study of the impact of flooding on farmlands is essential for mentioned reasons.

Qualitative Research Questions

What are the experiences of farmers whose farmlands are affected by flooding?

Can flooding be eliminated by reducing the impacts of global warming?

Works Cited

Ara, Jesmin. “Effects of Flooding on Farmers’ Livelihoods: A Case Study for Building Agricultural Resilient to Floods in Bangladesh.” International Journal of Science, Environment, vol. 8, no. 2, p. 334 – 344.

Gould, Iain J., et al. “The impact of coastal flooding on agriculture: A case‐study of Lincolnshire, United Kingdom.” Land Degradation & Development, vol. 31, no. 12, 2020, pp. 1545-1559.


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The Impact of Flooding on Farmlands

The Impact of Flooding on Farmlands

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