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Skin Cancer

Skin Cancer

Cancer is uncontrollable cell growth that may take place in any part of the body and even spread to other body parts. Amongst the various kinds of cancer is skin cancer. Skin cancer is the uncontrollable growth of skin cells. There are three major skin cancer types: melanoma, basal, and squamous cell carcinoma. The disease affects both men and women; however, according to Heaton & Lawrence (2019), men are more likely to get nonmelanoma skin cancer because of greater sun exposure. Dermoscopy has been the most commonly used diagnostic tool for skin cancer. A diagnostic tool or test is any procedure used to assess the possibility of a person or persons having a suspected disease. A dermoscopy, also known as a  dermatoscopy, is a noninvasive screening procedure used to examine pigmented and non-pigmented to identify cancerous cells. This procedure targets the general adult population, mainly persons above 18 years.

Dermoscopy has been performed on persons above the age of 18 and has presented promising results due to the test’s ability to not only predict melanoma and nonmelanoma cancers of the skin but also to choose the most suitable therapy. Additionally, since dermoscopy is noninvasive, it has become possible to detect skin cancer earlier (Bakos, Blumetti, Roldán-Marín & Salerni, 2018). Dermoscopy has proven to be reliable and valid because of its accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity. A study done on the early detection of melanoma in situ dermoscopy showed a specificity of 69%, a sensitivity of 83%, and an accuracy of 50% compared to using naked eyes (Ianosi, Calbureanu-Popescu, Ianosi, Tutunaru & Neagoe, 2022). On the other hand, a study done to determine the accuracy of a dermoscopy compared to using naked eyes showed that the negative and positive predictive values of a dermoscopy were 11.3% and 98.5%, while those of the naked eyes were 16.1% and 98.1% which further proved the reliability of the tool. I would integrate this tool into my advanced practice because it is noninvasive, accurate, and can detect even the thinnest and smallest cancers (Yélamos et al., 2019)

References

Bakos, R., Blumetti, T., Roldán-Marín, R., & Salerni, G. (2018). Noninvasive Imaging Tools in the Diagnosis and Treatment of Skin Cancers. American Journal Of Clinical Dermatology19(S1), 3-14. doi: 10.1007/s40257-018-0367-4

IANOSI, S., CALBUREANU-POPESCU, M., IANOSI, N., TUTUNARU, C., & NEAGOE, C. (2022). The Importance of Dermoscopy in Early Recognition of Melanoma in Situ. Retrieved 9 September 2022, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC7014979/

Heaton, H., & Lawrence, N. (2019). Nonmelanoma skin cancer in women. International Journal Of Women’s Dermatology, 5(1), 2-7. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijwd.2018.08.007

Yélamos, O., Braun, R., Liopyris, K., Wolner, Z., Kerl, K., Gerami, P., & Marghoob, A. (2019). The usefulness of dermoscopy to improve the clinical and histopathologic diagnosis of skin cancers. Journal Of The American Academy Of Dermatology, 80(2), 365-377. doi: 10.1016/j.jaad.2018.07.072

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Question 


Gestational Diabetes
Iron deficiency anemia
Skin Cancer

choose 1 of the three

1. Your course faculty will provide you with topics for the Week 2 Discussion Board. You will need to check the NR503 course Announcements for the topics for the Week 2 Discussion Board regarding screening. The week’s topics were chosen from the following websites:

Skin Cancer

Skin Cancer

Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (Links to an external site.) (Links to an external site.)
2. Reply to the following prompt:
o Describe the diagnostic or screening tool selected, its purpose, and what age group it targets.
o Has it been specifically tested in this age group?
o Next, discuss the predictive ability of the test. For instance, how do you know the test is reliable and valid? What are the reliability and validity values? What are the predictive values? Is it sensitive to measure what it has been developed to measure, for instance, HIV, or depression in older adults, or Lyme disease? Would you integrate this tool into your advanced practice based on the information you have read about the test? Why or why not?
3. You should include a minimum of two (2) scholarly articles from the last five (5) years (3 is recommended).
4. Respond to a minimum of two (2) individuals, peers, and/or faculty, with a scholarly and reflective post of a minimum of two (2) paragraphs of 4-5 sentences. A minimum of one (1) scholarly article should be utilized to support the post in addition to your textbook.
5. Your work should have in-text citations integrating at a minimum one scholarly article and the course textbook. APA format should be utilized to include a reference list. Correct grammar, spelling, and APA should be adhered to when writing, work should be scholarly without personalization or first-person use.

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