Need help with your Discussion

Get a timely done, PLAGIARISM-FREE paper
from our highly-qualified writers!


Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Have you ever seen an individual obsessed with cleaning surfaces every two minutes? This is not normal behavior, and it is a mental disorder known as obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). OCD is a chronic mental disorder in which an individual has uncontrollable recurring thoughts known as obsessions and compulsions that the individual feels the urge to repeat. OCD is a mental condition that requires prompt diagnosis using the DSM-V diagnostic criteria and management using pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments to improve quality of life.

DSM-V Diagnostic Criteria

For an individual to be diagnosed with OCD, they must meet specific criteria as outlined by the DSM-V diagnostic criteria. The first criterion is the presence of compulsions, obsessions, or both. Obsessions are defined as “recurrent and persistent images, thoughts, or urges experienced as unwanted and intrusive and those that cause marked distress or anxiety” (Stein et al., 2019). The patient attempts to suppress or ignore such images, urges, or thoughts with some other action or thought, i.e., compulsion (Stein et al., 2019). Compulsions are ” repetitive behaviors such as hand washing or mental acts such as counting that a patient feels driven to do in response to obsessions” (Stein et al., 2019). These mental acts or behaviors aim to prevent or reduce distress or anxiety (Stein et al., 2019). However, these mental acts or behaviors are not realistically connected with what they are aimed to neutralize or prevent.

The compulsions or obsessions consume a lot of time or impair social or occupational aspects (Stein et al., 2019). The third criterion is the symptoms cannot be attributed to the physiological effects of substances such as medications or medical conditions (Stein et al., 2019). The fourth criterion is that the symptoms cannot be explained by symptoms of other mental disorders, such as generalized anxiety disorder, excoriation, trichotillomania, hoarding disorder, and schizophrenia, among others (Stein et al., 2019).

Pharmacological Management

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors are generally first-line medications in the management of OCD, and it is associated with favorable long-term results and reasonable response rates (Del Casale et al., 2019). Most SSRIs effectively treat OCD in both the acute and maintenance phases with good tolerability (Del Casale et al., 2019). There is no significant difference in efficacy between sertraline, paroxetine, fluvoxamine, and citalopram. However, the response to SSRI treatment may be more delayed in OCD patients compared to anxiety disorders or major depression (Del Casale et al., 2019). SSRIs should be prescribed at the maximum therapeutic dose for at least one year, with dose-related treatment. The higher the doses, the better the clinical responses (Del Casale et al., 2019).

Non-pharmacological Management

The non-pharmacological treatment of choice for OCD is exposure and response prevention (ERP). The exposure exposes an individual to objects, thoughts, and images, resulting in distress and obsessions. At the same time, response prevention involves making the patient choose not to do a compulsive behavior after an obsession has been triggered (Simpson & Hezel, 2019). The therapist guides the patient, enabling them to eventually learn the EBP exercise to manage their obsessions and compulsions. ERP purposefully exposes the patient to things that give them exposure.


OCD is a mental disorder that causes significant distress and anxiety among individuals, and it is a common chronic disorder. The DSM-V diagnostic criteria provide a framework for OCD management, and this condition can be managed both pharmacologically and non-pharmacologically. SSRIs are the first-line medication for managing OCD, while ERP is the first-choice psychotherapy for managing OCD.


Del Casale, A., Sorice, S., Padovano, A., Simmaco, M., Ferracuti, S., Lamis, D. A., Rapinesi, C., Sani, G., Girardi, P., Kotzalidis, G. D., & Pompili, M. (2019). Psychopharmacological Treatment of Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD). Current Neuropharmacology17(8), 710–736.

Simpson, H., & Hezel, D. (2019). Exposure and response prevention for obsessive-compulsive disorder: A review and new directions. Indian Journal of Psychiatry61(7), 85.

Stein, D. J., Costa, D., Lochner, C., Miguel, E. C., Reddy, Y., Shavitt, R. G., van den Heuvel, O. A., & Simpson, H. B. (2019). Obsessive-compulsive disorder. Nature reviews. Disease primers5(1), 52.


We’ll write everything from scratch


Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

Write an outline of your research paper.
Topic Selection: Anxiety, Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders
Your outline should be 500-750 words. Use the attached document, “Outline Template,” to submit.
For this assignment, you will use the approved subject selection from Topic 1.
In this outline, please address the following:
• Title
• Introduction (including proposed hook, background, purpose, and thesis)
• Three subtopics that will support the selected subject
• Support the subtopics with three to six scholarly articles
• Conclusion
While APA style is not required for the body of this assignment, solid academic writing is expected, and documentation of sources should be presented using APA formatting guidelines, which can be found in the APA Style Guide in the Student Success Center.
This assignment uses a rubric. Please review the rubric before beginning the assignment to become familiar with the expectations for successful completion.

Have a similar assignment? "Place an order for your assignment and have exceptional work written by our team of experts, guaranteeing you A results."

Order Solution Now

Our Service Charter

1. Professional & Expert Writers: Eminence Papers only hires the best. Our writers are specially selected and recruited, after which they undergo further training to perfect their skills for specialization purposes. Moreover, our writers are holders of masters and Ph.D. degrees. They have impressive academic records, besides being native English speakers.

2. Top Quality Papers: Our customers are always guaranteed of papers that exceed their expectations. All our writers have +5 years of experience. This implies that all papers are written by individuals who are experts in their fields. In addition, the quality team reviews all the papers before sending them to the customers.

3. Plagiarism-Free Papers: All papers provided by Eminence Papers are written from scratch. Appropriate referencing and citation of key information are followed. Plagiarism checkers are used by the Quality assurance team and our editors just to double-check that there are no instances of plagiarism.

4. Timely Delivery: Time wasted is equivalent to a failed dedication and commitment. Eminence Papers are known for the timely delivery of any pending customer orders. Customers are well informed of the progress of their papers to ensure they keep track of what the writer is providing before the final draft is sent for grading.

5. Affordable Prices: Our prices are fairly structured to fit in all groups. Any customer willing to place their assignments with us can do so at very affordable prices. In addition, our customers enjoy regular discounts and bonuses.

6. 24/7 Customer Support: At Eminence Papers, we have put in place a team of experts who answer all customer inquiries promptly. The best part is the ever-availability of the team. Customers can make inquiries anytime.

Office Address: 2066 N Capitol Ave, San Jose, CA 95132, United States
UK Address: 2 Frederick Street, Kings Cross, London, United Kingdom, WC1X 0ND ©2023 All rights reserved. Terms of usePrivacy Policy Revision PolicyMoney Back Guarantee | Plagiarism Free Guarantee
We Can Write It for You! Enjoy 20% OFF on This Order. Use Code SAVE20

Stuck with your Assignment?

Enjoy 20% OFF Today
Use code SAVE20