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Nutrition Counselling

Nutrition Counselling

Diabetes

Diabetes is a lifestyle disease that can be prevented through lifestyle modification. As practitioner nurses, their interventions can be implemented to aid in preventing diabetes. Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugar. The primary risk factor for diabetes is obesity; therefore, the prevention measures should be aimed at controlling body weight. Nutritional control starts with the modification of carbohydrates, as they are significant sources of energy (Wang & Hu, 2018). As a nurse, it is crucial to advise the clients to maintain a diet with nutrient-dense carbohydrates high in fiber, such as vegetables, legumes, fruits, whole grains, and dairy products. People should avoid non-nutritive sweeteners such as neotame and aspartame to prevent high blood sugar.

Concerning fats, high saturated fats are associated with an increased risk for diabetes (Gray, 2019). Therefore, people should be advised to eat meals rich in high saturated fats and maintain diets with low saturated fats. For instance, it is recommended that people should take foods with long-chain n-3 fatty acids, including seeds, nuts, and fatty fish, as they are conformed to prevent or treat cardiovascular disease, which is also a risk factor for diabetes (Gray, 2019). The recommended dietary fats include monosaturated fats, e.g., peanut, polyunsaturated fats, e.g., sunflower, and saturated fats, such as cheese, palm oil, and coconut milk. However, trans-saturated fats such as partially hydrogenated oils should be discouraged. The use of trans saturated fats is associated with a high risk for obesity and, hence, diabetes. However, people should be encouraged to take lean animal proteins such as lower-fat beef cuts, pork, fish, eggs, and skinless poultry and dairy products with reduced fats (Wang & Hu, 2018). Proteins should not be taken solely but as a supplement to vegetables, whole grains, and fruits. In summary, diabetes prevention is done by preventing risk factors for developing diabetes. Nurses and other healthcare providers must provide proper health education to the public on controlling and preventing diabetes.

References

American Diabetics Association (2019). Lifestyle Management: Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes, 42(Supplement 1), S46-S60. https://doi.org/10.2337/dc19-s005

Gray A, Threlkeld RJ. Nutritional Recommendations for Individuals with Diabetes. [Updated 2019 Oct 13]. In: Feingold KR, Anawalt B, Boyce A, et al., editors. Endotext [Internet]. South Dartmouth (MA): MDText.com, Inc.; 2000-. Available from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK279012/

Wang, D. D., & Hu, F. B. (2018). Precision nutrition for prevention and management of type 2 diabetes. The Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology, 6(5), 416-426. https://doi.org/10.1016/S2213-8587(18)30037-8

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Question 


Nutrition Counselling

Nutrition Counselling

Healthy People 2020 identifies objectives related to nutrition and its role in promoting health and reducing chronic disease risk. Choose one preventable chronic condition from the list. As a nurse practitioner, how will you educate your patient about nutrition to help prevent your chosen chronic condition? Support your answer with evidence-based research.
Ex: Chronic kidney disease, heart disease, stroke or diabetes
Length: A minimum of 250 words, not including references
Citations: At least one high-level scholarly reference in APA from within the last five years

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