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Mixed Methods Research in Nursing

Mixed Methods Research in Nursing

Types of Mixed Method (MM) Research

Mixed methods research integrates qualitative and quantitative methodologies to comprehensively investigate and analyze research inquiries highly effectively. There are several types of mixed-methods research designs:

  1. Convergent Parallel Design: In this particular design, it is noteworthy to mention that both qualitative and quantitative data are gathered simultaneously, yet they are subjected to distinct analytical procedures, as expounded upon by Polit and Beck (2021). The comparative analysis and subsequent synthesis of data obtained from both methodologies are undertaken during the interpretive stage.
  2. Explanatory Sequential Design: In this particular methodology, the initial step entails the gathering and examination of quantitative data, which is subsequently succeeded by the acquisition and scrutiny of qualitative data (Polit & Beck, 2021). Utilizing qualitative data serves to elucidate and furnish profound elucidations about the quantitative outcomes.
  3. Exploratory Sequential Design: In this context, the initial step involves collecting and analyzing qualitative data, which serves as a foundation for subsequent inquiries. The subsequent collection and analysis of quantitative data are then conducted to delve deeper into the phenomenon under investigation, guided by the insights gleaned from the qualitative analysis (Polit & Beck, 2021).
  4. Embedded Design: Within this particular design is a discernible hierarchy wherein qualitative or quantitative data assumes a position of prominence. In contrast, the other form of data is strategically incorporated to furnish supplementary perspectives and enhance the overall understanding.

The Importance of Paradigms in MM Research

Paradigms are the philosophical frameworks that form the foundation for researchers’ underlying assumptions, beliefs, and methodologies. The significance of paradigms in mixed methods research lies in their capacity to shape how researchers harmonize qualitative and quantitative data, construe outcomes, and formulate deductions (Polit & Beck, 2021). The selection of a paradigm significantly influences the overarching research methodology and has the potential to exert a profound influence on the veracity and meticulousness of the study.

If a researcher embraces a positivist paradigm characterized by a quantitative orientation, their proclivity would be to accord primacy to numerical data and strive towards establishing causal relationships. Conversely, with its qualitative orientation, a constructivist paradigm emphasizes exploring subjective experiences and the ascribed meanings associated with phenomena. Carefully considering a paradigm in the realm of MM research ought to be by the research question and objectives to guarantee a sense of coherence and validity.

Conducting the Literature Review in Qualitative, Quantitative, and MM Research

The literature review process varies across qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-methods research. In the realm of qualitative literature review, scholars direct their attention toward the discernment of pertinent studies that delve into the intricacies of themes, concepts, and experiences that bear relevance to the subject matter under investigation (McCusker & Gunaydin, 2015; Polit & Beck, 2021). The focal point lies in comprehending the profoundness and contextual intricacies of the phenomenon rather than relying solely on quantitative data.

Next, in quantitative analysis, scholars endeavor to discern and amalgamate extant empirical inquiries that furnish numerical information about particular variables of significance (McCusker & Gunaydin, 2015; Polit & Beck, 2021). Statistical methodologies can be employed to scrutinize the amalgamated outcomes.

Lastly, within the mixed-methods research, the literature review assumes a comprehensive nature, encompassing a wide array of qualitative and quantitative studies relating to the research question at hand (McCusker & Gunaydin, 2015; Polit & Beck, 2021). Scholars endeavor to comprehend the extant discoveries, plausible lacunae, and how each variant of investigation contributes to the holistic comprehension of the subject matter.

Current Outlook for Funding MM Research in Nursing

The prevailing perspective regarding the allocation of resources for mixed methods research in nursing is predominantly sanguine. The utilization of MM research has garnered acknowledgment as a valuable methodology for tackling intricate nursing quandaries that necessitate a holistic comprehension of human encounters and empirical evidence. Funding agencies progressively recognize the merits of employing mixed methods to offer a comprehensive perspective on healthcare issues (Brown et al., 2015; Polit & Beck, 2021). Nevertheless, acquiring funding for MM research remains a fiercely contested endeavor, necessitating researchers to exhibit the utmost pertinence, meticulousness, and prospective influence of their proposed investigations.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Various Dissemination Mediums

Poster Presentation

The advantages of poster presentation include being suitable for presenting preliminary or ongoing research, providing a clear visual depiction of results, and encouraging audience participation (Polit & Beck, 2021). Conversely, disadvantages include limited space for details and less opportunity for in-depth discussion.

Podium Presentation

Podium presentation enables the elucidation of intricate research findings, cultivates active involvement and discussion, and provides avenues for professional networking (Polit & Beck, 2021). Nonetheless, it is associated with time constraints and limited audience interaction.

Manuscript (Publication)

This medium reaches a larger audience, creates a thorough and lasting record of the study, and builds the researcher’s reputation (Polit & Beck, 2021). However, it is a lengthy publication process and faces potential rejection by journals.


In summation, utilizing mixed methods research in nursing presents a highly advantageous and commendable approach to tackling intricate healthcare predicaments. The selection of paradigms, meticulous implementation of literature review methodologies, and deliberate dissemination of data are imperative in guaranteeing the veracity and significance of the research.

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Brown, K. M., Elliott, S. J., Leatherdale, S. T., & Robertson-Wilson, J. (2015). Searching for rigour in the reporting of mixed methods population health research: a methodological review. Health Education Research, 30(6), 811–839.

McCusker, K., & Gunaydin, S. (2015). Research using qualitative, quantitative, or mixed methods and choice based on the research. Perfusion, 30(7), 537–542.

Polit, D. F., & Beck, C. T. (2021). Nursing research: Generating and assessing evidence for nursing practice. Wolters Kluwer.


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Mixed Methods Research in Nursing

Mixed Methods Research in Nursing

Please answer the following questions. Be concise and to the point. Use the extant readings to substantiate your post.
1. Describe different types of mixed method (MM) research.
2. Why do paradigms matter in MM research? What are your thoughts?
3. How does the conduction of the literature review differ between qualitative, quantitative, and MM? 4. What is the current outlook for funding MM research in nursing?
5. Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of various mediums for disseminating data (poster presentation, podium presentation, manuscript).

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