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Lesson and Activity Planning

Lesson and Activity Planning

Chapter 5 discussed important instruction planning aspects that will be handy throughout my practicum experience. Through the chapter, I learned three important things: how to complete a lesson plan using six steps, factors to consider when choosing types of activities for learners, and the four goals at the heart of professional teaching practices. First, the chapter taught me how to write lesson plans and activities for early childhood learners. The early childhood kid’s lesson plan is made using six steps. The first is reviewing the previously taught materials. The second step is the statement of objectives for the new lesson. The third is the presentation of new materials; the fourth step is guided practice with corrective feedback. The fifth phase is an independent practice with corrective feedback and periodic feedback with corrective feedback if necessary (Machado and Helen 148-149). Through this step and the teachings from the chapter, I learned how to make a lesson plan, which will be a vital element during the practicum period.

Secondly, the chapter taught me the factors needed when choosing the types of activities for learners. Activities are fundamental to the early childhood lesson plan and learning session. Planned activities for young learners should promote child growth through child-teacher discussion and interaction. Some factors to consider while choosing these activities are child safety, the goal or objective of the activity, the setting environment, and appropriateness to the kid’s skill levels and experiences. Therefore, this taught me that early childhood learner activities should capture and hold learners’ attention, promote first-hand sensory experiences, and be flexible to provide unexpected interests for children.

Most importantly, the activities should entertain and stimulate the learners. Finally, the chapter taught me the four goals the authors believe are at the heart of professional teaching practices. The goals are to engage learners in practices that instill trust, encourage success, foster friendship, and promote independence (Machado and Helen 158). All these objectives will help guide my teaching patterns and processes.

Work Cited

Machado, Jeanne M., and Helen Meyer Botnarescue. Student Teaching: Early Childhood Practicum Guide. Cengage Learning, 2010.


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State 3 things you learned in Chapter 5 that will help you throughout your practicum experience.
Machado, J. Student Teaching: Early Childhood Practicum Guide ( book )

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