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Labor and Management Relations

Labor and Management Relations

What is meant by labor relations?

Labor relations refers to the system in which workers, employees, and their representatives indirectly or directly interact with the government to set ground rules for the regulation of relationships in the workplace (Sparks, 2017). It is also defined as a field of study aimed at examining the relationships between workers, employees, their representatives, and the government. A labor relations framework reflects how the main actors involved interact. It also incorporates the participation of workers, including individual employment relationships between a worker and employers under an implied or written employment contract.

How unions are simultaneously economic and political organizations

Unions help workers get a decent wage so that the workers and their families can afford a good living standard and financial security. They also help workers in accessing workplace benefits above universal public programs and legislative benefits. This plays a significant role in economic growth. Unions act as political organizations when they mobilize voters, shape the attitudes of their members, and influence economic inequality and representation.

What is Spillover?

Spillover is defined as the side effects of wages and their increase. They can take various forms, such as negative or positive impacts on the increase in wages and employment in other industries or for other groups of employees. In minimum wage, spillover can happen as a result of an increase in the minimum cost of low-skilled labor because companies may increase the demand for highly skilled labor or alter their production to adopt technologies that save labor.

The conditions required for a likely successful union organizing attempt

One of the conditions for a likely successful union organizing attempt is winning concessions from employers in wages and working conditions. The second condition is effective collective bargaining. Collective bargaining is a vital tool in promoting the success of a union because it may result in stories that threaten the productivity of an organization hence increasing the union’s power in bargaining. Tries also enables organizations to get support from the public by informing the public about stagnant wages and poor working conditions.

The historical impact of the Knights of Labor

The Knights of Labor (KOL) is the first vital national labor organization in the United States. It started as a secret organization aimed at protecting its members from retaliation from employers (Hild, 2019). It was the first main labor organization in the United States. Its main impact was organizing skilled and unskilled workers to campaign for an eight-hour workday and inspiring them to form a cooperative society where workers owned the industries they were working for. It also focused on ending convict and child labor.

The historical importance of the Danbury Hatters boycott case

The Danbury Hatters boycott case was the first case to confirm the application of the Sherman Antitrust Act in organized labor. The decision damaged consumer boycotts that had been organized by the nation’s labor movement (Rosado Marzzn & Nikitas, 2014). The ruling made by the Supreme Court acknowledging the application of the Herman Antitrust Act deprived workers of an effective organizing tool and resulted in the AFL initiating the reform of antitrust laws.

The concept of “Exclusive Representation” established by the Wagner Act

Exclusive representation can be interpreted as a principle of law and as a practice. As a principle of law, it is well established in the country and is not affected by the controversy, which is common among other fundamental principles of American labor law. As a practice, it is considered to be the earliest form of collective bargaining. It is not as universal as other labor laws and is discouraged in industrialized countries with complex collective bargaining frameworks.

Responsibilities of the Nation Labor Relations Board

The primary responsibility of the Nation Labor Relations Board is to safeguard the rights of employees to organize and establish whether to use unions as their bargaining representatives. It guarantees the right to engage in and organize group efforts to improve working conditions and wages. It also helps prevent and remedy unfair labor practices committed by employers and unions in the private sector.

References

Hild, M. (2019). The Knights of Labor. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of American History.

Rosado Marzzn, C. F., & Nikitas, M. A. (2014). Danbury hatters in Sweden: An American warning against punitive damages for workers’ ‘Illegal’ collective action. SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2409058

Sparks, E. (2017). Labor-management relations. Boss Lady. https://doi.org/10.5149/northcarolina/9781469633022.003.0004

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Question 


This quiz contains 8 short answer questions on topics from Chapters 1 and 2 of your text. Your answers should be 1- 3 paragraphs long and will be worth a total of 100 points.
In order to avoid timing out when you take the quiz, prepare answers to the following essay questions in a document ahead of time.

Labor and Management Relations

Labor and Management Relations

What is meant by labor relations?
Explain how unions are simultaneously economical and political organizations.
What is a spillover?
What are the conditions required for a likely successful union organizing attempt?
Briefly describe the historical impact of the Knights of Labor.
Briefly describe the historical importance of the Danbury Hatters boycott case.
Briefly explain the concept of “Exclusive Representation” established by the Wagner Act.
What were the major responsibilities of the Nation Labor Relations Board?

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