Healthcare Policy And Delivery Systems
Health policy refers to decisions, plans, and activities that are undertaken to achieve specific goals within a society. It is the actions taken by the state, national, and local governments to advance public health. It can also be defined as an amalgamation of values affecting healthcare from economic, political, and legal perspectives. There are two types of health policies. a. National health policies help standardize and control specific groups of people and Allocative health policy. There are two types of allocative health policies. Distributive systems use money or power to benefit society by using the government’s resources.
Regulatory Health Policy
They are utilized by the government to institutionalize and control the types of behavior of specific groups. This policy called on the government to prescribe and control the behavior of a target group. In the economic sector, health care has driven the move toward government control for quite a long time. A case of a single administrative health policy approach is the accreditation procedure in which medical clinics follow different associations to guarantee standards are being met. Economists believe that quickly rising healthcare services spending brings down the GDP while raising unemployment. The impacts of healthcare insurance spending on loan rates rely upon the prices, and the effect on financial performance across enterprises depends upon the financing of federal healthcare spending. Politics and laws can either have a positive or negative impact on health policies. When developing a plan, lawmakers can set requirements to protect the citizens. For example, to reduce traffic accidents, mandatory seat belt laws were implemented to address this problem. As a result, the number of motor-vehicle-related injuries was dramatically reduced. Another example of healthcare policy is the policy of prohibiting tobacco and alcohol use in the workplace. This reduces cigarette consumption, an overall decrease in tobacco use, and attempts to quit smoking for good. Ethical issues in public health include reconciling individual consent with community benefits, e.g., vaccination and treatment. Policies and interventions with a range of responses are available to reduce harm from regular smoking individuals and those around them. Societal intervention can be introduced to decrease the damage to the community caused by people who drink excessive amounts of alcohol.
The health policies show a commitment by the national government towards improving the health of the citizens by reducing ill health and improving living conditions. These policies provide a guideline on how to monitor and assess the progress of stated objectives and the level of distribution and responsiveness of health services.
Patrick, D. L., & Erickson, P. (1993). Health status and health policy: quality of life in health care evaluation and resource allocation.
Brownson, R. C., Colditz, G. A., & Proctor, E. K. (Eds.). (2018). Dissemination and implementation research in health: translating science to practice. Oxford University Press.
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The purpose of learning the ropes of policy, politics, and advocacy is to influence health care or broader social agendas that influence human health.
Discuss a time when you influence health care through advocacy.
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