Need help with your Discussion

Get a timely done, PLAGIARISM-FREE paper
from our highly-qualified writers!


Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA)

Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA)

Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA)

GINA defines genetic information as the genetic testing of a person, his family members, or the presentation of diseases in the person’s family members (Chapman et al., 2019). GINA guidelines prohibit healthcare insurance companies from requesting and utilizing genetic information to determine insurance eligibility, costs, and conditions to be covered (Chapman et al., 2019). It is illegal for health insurers to use genetic test results or an individual’s family history to discriminate against them in insurance coverage. According to GINA, employers cannot use an individual’s genetic information to hire, terminate, promote, retaliate, harass, mistreat, or restrict employees (Chapman et al., 2019). Employers are thus not allowed to use genetic information or family medical history to make decisions concerning human resource management. The act has provisions in which individuals can file complaints if they feel that their employers have discriminated against them or insurance payers (U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), n.d.).  If individuals feel that their insurance payers have discriminated against them, they should report them to the state insurance commissioners, who must enforce the GINA guidelines. If an employee feels that his employer discriminates against him, they can complain to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC).

A female patient can go for a preventive hysterectomy and be denied health insurance by her health insurance payer, who would examine her healthcare records and discover that she has the BRCA1 gene, which increases susceptibility to developing breast cancer. The second scenario is that a surgeon may have their employment contract terminated by their employer when the employer comes across their health records and realizes that they have rheumatoid genetic markers, which can increase the susceptibility of individuals to developing rheumatoid arthritis. This will make the individual not being able to perform surgery.

GINA’s guidelines protect individuals from discrimination by their employers and insurance payers due to their genetic information. Employers and insurance payers must be aware of the GINA guidelines to avoid facing any legal consequences.


Chapman, C. R., Mehta, K. S., Parent, B., & Caplan, A. L. (2019). Genetic discrimination: Emerging ethical challenges in the context of advancing technology. Journal of Law and the Biosciences7(1).

U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). (n.d.). Genetic information discrimination. U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.


We’ll write everything from scratch


There are reports about how people are denied access to healthcare insurance based on genetic testing.

Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA)

Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA)

This sparks concern and passion about how to advocate for your clients and families as a professional nurse. Review the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act (GINA) of 2010. Describe a scenario where an individual with a genetic disorder could experience discrimination in obtaining health insurance and employment.

Have a similar assignment? "Place an order for your assignment and have exceptional work written by our team of experts, guaranteeing you A results."

Order Solution Now

Our Service Charter

1. Professional & Expert Writers: Eminence Papers only hires the best. Our writers are specially selected and recruited, after which they undergo further training to perfect their skills for specialization purposes. Moreover, our writers are holders of masters and Ph.D. degrees. They have impressive academic records, besides being native English speakers.

2. Top Quality Papers: Our customers are always guaranteed of papers that exceed their expectations. All our writers have +5 years of experience. This implies that all papers are written by individuals who are experts in their fields. In addition, the quality team reviews all the papers before sending them to the customers.

3. Plagiarism-Free Papers: All papers provided by Eminence Papers are written from scratch. Appropriate referencing and citation of key information are followed. Plagiarism checkers are used by the Quality assurance team and our editors just to double-check that there are no instances of plagiarism.

4. Timely Delivery: Time wasted is equivalent to a failed dedication and commitment. Eminence Papers are known for the timely delivery of any pending customer orders. Customers are well informed of the progress of their papers to ensure they keep track of what the writer is providing before the final draft is sent for grading.

5. Affordable Prices: Our prices are fairly structured to fit in all groups. Any customer willing to place their assignments with us can do so at very affordable prices. In addition, our customers enjoy regular discounts and bonuses.

6. 24/7 Customer Support: At Eminence Papers, we have put in place a team of experts who answer all customer inquiries promptly. The best part is the ever-availability of the team. Customers can make inquiries anytime.

Office Address: 2066 N Capitol Ave, San Jose, CA 95132, United States
UK Address: 2 Frederick Street, Kings Cross, London, United Kingdom, WC1X 0ND ©2023 All rights reserved. Terms of usePrivacy Policy Revision PolicyMoney Back Guarantee | Plagiarism Free Guarantee
We Can Write It for You! Enjoy 20% OFF on This Order. Use Code SAVE20

Stuck with your Assignment?

Enjoy 20% OFF Today
Use code SAVE20