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Foundational Neuroscience Concepts

Foundational Neuroscience Concepts

Foundational neuroscience concepts are the basic ideas about neuroscience that each scholar and professional in the field should know. The importance of understanding the concepts cannot be overstated, especially for PMHNPs. PMHNPs perform important roles in psychiatry, like diagnosing people, determining the extent of their issues, and prescribing the appropriate treatment for their clients’ health issues (Rodriguez-Menendez et al., 2022). Understanding the concepts is very important for PMHNPs because it enables them to perform their various functions more effectively and accurately. A good understanding of the basic concepts enables professionals to understand the reasons for the various choices they may need to make to ensure high-quality prescriptions and safe prescriptions.

Some of the basic concepts concern neuroanatomical knowledge. Understanding the different types of neurons and the tissues involved is important for knowing the parts of the nervous system that play different roles and are, therefore, impacted by the various chemical agents. Neuroanatomical and neurophysiological concepts enable professionals to know the normal functioning of the nervous system and, therefore, gain the knowledge needed to properly diagnose patients and prescribe relevant medications (Godoy et al., 2018). For instance, the various parts of the brain are involved differently in illnesses like addiction and memory loss. Therefore, various pharmacological agents affect the parts differently, and taking the appropriate medications ensures improved outcomes. Understanding how the fundamental units interact helps guide proper prescriptions while avoiding adverse consequences like addiction to medications like SSNRs.

Foundational Neuroscience Concepts

PMHNPs also depend on knowledge of pharmacology and pharmacodynamics to determine the medications to prescribe. Different medications interact differently with different parts of the nervous system (Gadow, 2018). Some are analogs of neurotransmitters like dopamine and GABA, and their functions involve increasing or reducing the functions of various neurotransmitters. Understanding basic concepts ensures that PMHNPs offer evidence-based prescriptions that are effective and target appropriate areas of the brain and the patients’ nervous systems (Gadow, 2018). For instance, understanding the various neurotransmitters and concepts like action potential helps PMHNPs know why they should prescribe certain drugs over others and the medications to avoid safely care for their patients.


Gadow, K. D. (2018). Fundamental concepts in pharmacotherapy: An overview. Children On Medication Volume II, 1-20. concepts-pharmacotherapy-kenneth-gadow

Godoy, L. D., Rossignoli, M. T., Delfino-Pereira, P., Garcia-Cairasco, N., & de Lima Umeoka, E. (2018). A comprehensive overview on stress neurobiology: basic concepts and clinical implications. Frontiers in behavioral neuroscience, 12, 127.

Rodriguez-Menendez, G., Shelton, S., Steinman, J., Barr, M., Cunningham, A., Glaser, D., … & Rom-Rymer, B. N. (2022). Toward a new predoctoral model: Education and training in clinical psychopharmacology. Experimental and Clinical Psychopharmacology, 30(1),


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Foundational Neuroscience Concepts

Explore the potential impacts of foundational neuroscience on the prescription of pharmacotherapeutics.

Analyze the agonist-to-antagonist spectrum of action of psychopharmacologic agents

Foundational Neuroscience Concepts

Foundational Neuroscience Concepts

.Compare the actions of g couple proteins to ion-gated channels

Analyze the role of epigenetics in pharmacologic action

Analyze the impact of foundational neuroscience on the prescription of medications

References x 3

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