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Environmental Criminology

Environmental Criminology

The field of environmental criminology considers the impact of human activity on the environment as a crime problem rather than a separate issue. The facets of environmental criminology are concerned with the study and understanding of environmental crime to improve the prevention and prosecution of environmental crime (Sidebottom & Wortley 2016). The environmental criminology literature can be divided into three broad categories: the legal and policy, the ecological, and the sociological. The legal and policy literature focuses primarily on the ways in which environmental regulations and laws impact criminal behavior and vice versa.

Environmental criminology seeks to create a holistic, integrated understanding of the causes and consequences of criminal behavior that considers the impact of environmental factors on individual behavior and communities. Environmental criminology is becoming increasingly relevant, as environmental conditions have both direct and indirect impacts on individual decision-making and communities as a whole and both short- and long-term impacts on criminal behavior.

Environmental criminology can be divided into four stages of development: the descriptive stage, the explanatory stage, the predictive stage, and the policy-oriented stage. During the descriptive stage, researchers in environmental criminology examine the link between the environment and human behavior, with a focus on the impact of the environment on the criminal justice system (White, 2018). During the explanatory stage, researchers in environmental criminology begin to explain the causes and consequences of environmental crime, including the impact of the environment on individual behavior and communities as a whole. During the predictive stage, researchers in environmental criminology begin to develop and implement effective strategies for preventing and reducing environmental crime based on an understanding of the causes and consequences of environmental crime.

References

Sidebottom, A., & Wortley, R. (2016). Environmental criminology. The handbook of criminological theory, 156-181.

White, R. (2018). Transnational environmental crime: Toward an eco-global criminology. Willan.

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Question 


Define the facets of environmental criminology. Describe the four stages of environmental manipulation and examine its effectiveness.

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