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Empowering Evidence- Utilizing Appraisal Tools for Critical Analysis of Published Research

Empowering Evidence- Utilizing Appraisal Tools for Critical Analysis of Published Research

The research articles under scrutiny shed light on the pervasive issue of pediatric medication errors and offer valuable insights that can inform evidence-based best practices in healthcare settings. The critical appraisal of these studies reveals a consistent theme—identification and mitigation of contributing factors to pediatric medication errors can significantly enhance patient safety.

One notable best practice that emerges from the reviewed research is the implementation of standardized protocols and checklists in medication administration. Bante et al. (2023) emphasize the importance of creating a suitable working environment and education/training opportunities for healthcare professionals. Standardized protocols can act as a structured guide, ensuring adherence to medication administration rights and minimizing errors. Conn et al. (2020) similarly highlight the significance of incident reports in directing improvement efforts, suggesting that the establishment of clear protocols can streamline reporting and facilitate a proactive approach to risk management.

D’Errico et al. (2022) propose a best practice that involves comprehensive clinical risk management throughout the medication process. This includes standardization of practices, electronic prescribing systems, and targeted training programs. The authors argue that a holistic approach can effectively address various stages of treatment and contribute to a culture of safety within healthcare organizations.

Feyissa et al. (2020) advocate for the incorporation of electronic prescribing systems and collaboration with clinical pharmacists to reduce medication errors. Their findings underscore the importance of technological interventions in minimizing errors related to prescription and transcription.

In summary, the critical appraisal of the research suggests that the implementation of standardized protocols, checklists, comprehensive risk management strategies, and technological interventions, such as electronic prescribing systems, represents a best practice in mitigating pediatric medication errors. These practices align with the broader goal of enhancing patient safety and can be instrumental in guiding evidence-based interventions in healthcare settings.


Bante, A., Mersha, A., Aschalew, Z., & Ayele, A. (2023). Medication errors and associated factors among pediatric inpatients in public hospitals of Gamo Zone, Southern Ethiopia. Heliyon, 9(4), e15375.

Conn, R. L., Tully, M. P., Shields, M. D., Carrington, A., & Dornan, T. (2020). Characteristics of reported pediatric medication errors in Northern Ireland and use in quality improvement. Pediatric Drugs.

D’Errico, S., Zanon, M., Radaelli, D., Padovano, M., Santurro, A., Scopetti, M., Frati, P., & Fineschi, V. (2022). Medication errors in pediatrics: Proposals to improve the quality and safety of care through clinical risk management. Frontiers in Medicine, 8(814100).

Feyissa, D., Kebede, B., Zewudie, A., & Mamo, Y. (2020). Medication Error and Its Contributing Factors Among Pediatric Patients Diagnosed with Infectious Diseases Admitted to Jimma University Medical Center, Southwest Ethiopia: Prospective Observational Study. Integrated Pharmacy Research and Practice, Volume 9, 147–153.

Hoare, Z., & Hoe, J. (2013). Understanding quantitative research: Part 2. Nursing Standard, 27(18), 48–55.

Melnyk, B. M., & Fineout-Overholt, E. (2018). Evidence-based practice in nursing & healthcare: A guide to best practice (4th ed.). Wolters Kluwer.

Ooi, P. L., Zainal, H., Lean, Q. Y., Ming, L. C., & Ibrahim, B. (2021). Pharmacists’ interventions on electronic prescriptions from various specialty wards in a Malaysian public hospital: A cross-sectional study. Pharmacy, 9(4), 161.

Vaismoradi, M., Tella, S., A. Logan, P., Khakurel, J., & Vizcaya-Moreno, F. (2020). Nurses’ adherence to patient safety principles: A systematic review. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 17(6), 1–15.


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Realtors rely on detailed property appraisals—conducted using appraisal tools—to assign market values to houses and other properties. These values are then presented to buyers and sellers to set prices and initiate offers.

Research appraisal is not that different. The critical appraisal process utilizes formal appraisal tools to assess the results of research to determine value to the context at hand. Evidence-based practitioners often present these findings to make the case for specific courses of action.

Empowering Evidence- Utilizing Appraisal Tools for Critical Analysis of Published Research

Empowering Evidence- Utilizing Appraisal Tools for Critical Analysis of Published Research

In this Assignment, you will use an appraisal tool to conduct a critical appraisal of published research. You will then present the results of your efforts.


Be sure to review the Learning Resources before completing this activity.
Click the weekly resources link to access the resources.


To Prepare:

Reflect on the four peer-reviewed articles you selected in Module 2 and the four systematic reviews (or other filtered high-level evidence) you selected in Module 3.
Reflect on the four peer-reviewed articles you selected in Module 2 and analyzed in Module 3.
Review and download the Critical Appraisal Tool Worksheet Template provided in the Resources.
The Assignment (Evidence-Based Project)

Part 3A: Critical Appraisal of Research

Conduct a critical appraisal of the four peer-reviewed articles you selected by completing the Evaluation Table within the Critical Appraisal Tool Worksheet Template. Choose a total of four peer- reviewed articles that you selected related to your clinical topic of interest in Module 2 and Module 3.

Note: You can choose any combination of articles from Modules 2 and 3 for your Critical Appraisal. For example, you may choose two unfiltered research articles from Module 2 and two filtered research articles (systematic reviews) from Module 3 or one article from Module 2 and three articles from Module 3. You can choose any combination of articles from the prior Module Assignments as long as both modules and types of studies are represented.

Part 3B: Critical Appraisal of Research

Based on your appraisal, in a 1-2-page critical appraisal, suggest a best practice that emerges from the research you reviewed. Briefly explain the best practice, justifying your proposal with APA citations of the research.

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