Dominant Human Senses
Human psychology and the unique aspects of an individual are shaped by the connections they make with the outside world. The psychological processes of perception and analysis of information in the environment define the connections. How such connections are made is dependent on the five human senses of sight, hearing, taste, touch, and smell. Each of the five senses plays a vital role in perceiving a specific aspect of the external world. The various sense receptors send messages to the brains from where it is interpreted for an individual to perceive the environment around them (San Roque et al. 35).
The sense of sight perceives the color of the world around us based on the illumination level and saturation. The hearing sense perceives sounds based on pitch, timbre, and loudness for the brain to interpret the message in the sound (Hadjiphilippou). The sense of taste is responsible for various sensations in the brain and helps us differentiate flavors, the nutritional values of foods, and the safety of items we consume (Hadjiphilippou). In a human sense, touching is linked to the perception of temperatures, pressure on the body, and pain-sensing (Robert 236). In contrast, the sense of smell helps the brain differentiate the diversity of fragrances and odors within the environment to define the safety of the environmental conditions (Hadjiphilippou). Concisely, the five human senses create an objective image of the world around us. They, therefore, are the critical interlocutors of a person and their perception of the external world. Conclusively, the reality of our life’s experiences and perceptions of the world are shaped by the brain utilizing and interpreting the information gathered through the five human senses.
Although all five senses play a paramount role in the perception of the external world and facilitate the process of human interaction and psychological manipulation, the sense of sight can be argued as the dominant sense. According to research, it has been estimated that a majority (over eighty percent) of human perception, learning, cognition, and related activities are mediated through the power of sight. Human vision plays a critical role in capturing and sending the majority of information that enables humans to make out shapes and forms, differentiate colors and sizes, perceive distance, and other natural and artificial phenomena factors. It is through such perception and learning about the world around them that influences their behavior (Robert S. 85). People from different language backgrounds can understand each other despite the language and cultural barriers by taking advantage of visual experiences such as expressions of taste, pain, and smell (San Roque et al. 48). The study further argued that visual communication could facilitate communication and conveying of messages with the absence of other senses due to such shared visual experiences. Arguing from the perspective that most human communication occurs indirectly, individuals can interact or be influenced psychologically to react to stimuli due to their interpretations of visual perceptions. Therefore, the vision can strongly facilitate the comprehension of a particular subject and stimulate similar and right reactions from diverse individuals. Therefore, vision is the basic sense of how humans see the light in the world and sense the world around them (Robert 230).
Nevertheless, although, arguably, the human sense of sight dominates other senses, the hierarchy of the senses is contradicted by the perpetual interaction of the senses. Stimulating one sensory system can lead to an involuntary stimulation of a different human sensory system (Robert 232). For instance, visual stimuli of a picture of food may activate the taste sensation of a flavor or a smell sense of a certain aroma.
Hadjiphilippou, Panagiotis. “The Contribution of the Five Human Senses towards the Perception of Space.” Diss. University of Nicosia, 2004, https://www.academia.edu/download/30482372/Panagiotis_thesis.pdf.
Robert S., Feldman. ESSENTIALS OF UNDERSTANDING PSYCHOLOGY (13 Edition). McGraw Hill, 2018, p. 720.
San Roque, Lila, et al. “Vision Verbs Dominate in Conversation across Cultures, but the Ranking of Non-Visual Verbs Varies.” Cognitive Linguistics, vol. 26, no. 1, Walter de Gruyter GmbH, Feb. 2015, pp. 31–60, doi:10.1515/cog-2014-0089.
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Which of the five different human senses dominates the psychological effects and aspects of people? Why does this or these sense(s) dominate
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