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Divorce and Separation

Divorce and Separation

Divorce and separation are prevalent today. Observations from the selected and reviewed literature support this claim, as Wagner (2020) notes that divorce and separation in marriage are upward trends. The same observation on the increase in divorce and separation is also seen in the study by D’Onofrio and Emery (2019), who support the findings by pointing out that it is now common for children to be raised in homes where one of the parents is not their biological parent. The study by D’Onofrio and Emery (2019) further reveals that the reason for increased divorce rates is that families are becoming unstable. Wagner (2020), for his part, argues that one of the reasons for the increase in divorce and separation cases is that the quality of marriages has declined. This being the trend, social psychologists and other scholars are concerned about the impact of this event on children.

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One thing that stands out and is undeniable is that divorce and separation impact children. Most studies reviewed show the various ways in which children are affected by divorce. Tullius et al. (2022) did a study showing that divorce affects children emotionally. In their study, they showed their belief that divorce impacts the child’s mental health and further affects their emotional well-being. In their study that focused on the time when the children are affected, these researchers were interested in determining whether they are affected during or after the separation and divorce. Other studies reaffirmed the research done by Tullius et al. (2022); for instance, Nusinovici et al. (2018) found that divorce affected the child’s cognitive development, which was their primary interest. This research was also done on about 3,308 children studied between 2003 and 2011. The findings positively connected divorce to poor cognitive development among the children. Garriga and Pennoni (2020) also did a study on children and found out that the child’s psychological well-being is negatively affected by divorce. A unique finding in this study was that the child’s psychological well-being is affected differently based on the child’s age. Yet another study by Garriga and Pennoni (2020) also looked at the impacts these two trends have on children. Even though the findings were similar, what was different about this study was that it also examined the impacts that temporary separation of parents can have on children.

In most of these studies, the researchers were only interested in examining the impacts of divorce and separation on children. Very few studies focused specifically on the effects of divorce and separation on adolescents’ emotional and cognitive well-being. Garriga and Pennoni (2020) pointed out that divorce and separation can affect children differently based on their ages. This finding thus reaffirms why it is important to determine the impacts these two have on adolescents. The adolescent stage is a stage when the child undergoes crucial emotional and psychological development that demands guidance from the parents. Therefore, divorce and separation can add confusion and perhaps stress to the adolescent. As such, this research will focus on adolescents.

Consistently, the research question to be answered is; What are the impacts of divorce and separation on the emotional and psychological development of adolescents? The researchers hypothesize that the study will find a connection between divorce/separation and psychological and emotional well-being among adolescents. It is also hypothesized that divorce and separation cause challenges in adolescents’ emotional and psychological well-being. Based on the literature and the findings that show that divorce and separation affect children, the same is expected to affect adolescents’ emotional and psychological well-being.


D’Onofrio, B., & Emery, R. (2019). Parental divorce or separation and children’s mental health. World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA), 18(1),     100–101.

Garriga, A., & Pennoni, F. (2020). The causal effects of parental divorce and parental temporary separation on children’s cognitive abilities and psychological well-being according to parental relationship quality. Social Indicators Research, 161(2-3), 963-987.

Nusinovici, S., Olliac, B., Flamant, C., Müller, J. B., Olivier, M., Rouger, V., Gascoin, G., Basset, H., Bouvard, C., Rozé, J. C., & Hanf, M. (2018). Impact of parental separation or divorce on school performance in preterm children: A population-based study. PloS one, 13(9), e0202080.

Tullius, J. M., De Kroon, M. L. A., Almansa, J., & Reijneveld, S. A. (2022). Adolescents’ mental health problems increase after parental divorce, not before, and persist until adulthood: a longitudinal TRAILS study. European child & adolescent psychiatry, 31(6), 969–978.

Wagner, M. (2020). On increasing divorce risks. European Studies of Population, 21, p. 37-61.   


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Literature Review Part V
Final Project: Creating the Literature Review Section

The topic is Divorce and Separation

This week, you will finalize the Literature Review section of your proposal. While developing Part 5, use the following guidelines:

Divorce and Separation

Divorce and Separation

Review the topic using articles pulled in prior weeks. Start with a broad overview of the topic and narrow it down to the purpose of your research and your specific research question.
State your hypothesis(es) (your prediction of what your research will reveal based on the literature review)

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