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Disease Process-Obesity

Disease Process-Obesity

Symptoms of Obesity

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The main symptom of obesity is visible above-average body weight due to excess body fat.

Other symptoms include:

Trouble falling and maintaining sleep

Irregular breathing with periodical sessions of difficulty breathing while sleeping

Visible case of varicose veins

In advanced cases, patients experience cases of skin conditions related to the accumulation of moisture on folded skin.


Cases of osteoarthritis related to the effects of increased weight on joints like the knees, ankles, and hips

Obesity Risk Factors

The major risk factors for obesity include:

Unhealthy diet and eating disorders such as high calories foods or compulsive eating

Genetics leading to hereditary obesity as genes define how the human body how processes food into energy and stores fat

A history of weight gain, meaning it is easy for an individual to gain weight

Sedentary lifestyles including lifestyle choices and low levels or no activity

Diagnostic Procedures

Assessment of the patient’s body mass index (BMI)

Waist measurement- waist circumference

Waist measurement-Waist to hip ratio (Lopez-Jimenez & Miranda, 2010)

Physical observation

Progression of Obesity

Obesity is a progressive disease. This means weight gain leads to more weight gain.

Weight gain affects hormonal, metabolic, and molecular changes risking further body fact accumulation (ASMBS, 2017).

Treatment and Management of Obesity

Although obesity can be treated through medical procedures such as laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding, gastroplasty, sleeve gastrectomy, and biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch, changes in lifestyle are the most viable methods. Obesity can be treated and managed by using a multi-sectoral approach. This includes the individual and the community. The individual responsibility is basic in the management and treatment of obesity. The community level provides support for individuals dealing with obesity.

At the individual level, people can:

Manage their desires towards intake of unhealthy foods

Limiting the intake of high-energy foods such as fatty and sugary foods

Increasing the consumption of healthy diets, including fruits, whole grains, and vegetables

Getting physically active

At the community level:

Providing support to shape lifestyle choices

Awareness of healthy foods

At the government level:

Providing accessible spaces for physical activity

Formulating and implementing community-based policies and food-related policies

Restrictive marketing policies of foods high sugar and fatty foods for children and adults

Food and beverage responsibilities include:

Reduction of fat and sugar in processed foods

Providing honest nutritional information on processed foods

Promoting healthy food choices

Selected Healthcare Providers in the Healthcare System That Can Treat Obesity

Obesity Medicine Association

American Board of Obesity Medication

Denver Obesity Surgery

ThedaCare Bariatric Care

IU Health and Medical Weight Loss

Grand Island Clinic

Bariatric and Metabolic Institute

Potential Complications of Obesity

An increase in BMI is a pathophysiology factor of fatal non-communicable diseases. Obese people have an increased risk of health conditions and complications, including:

Cardiovascular health conditions, especially heart disease and stroke (Hamjane et al., 2020)

Musculoskeletal disorders such as degenerative disease of joints due to overweight

Diabetes mellitus and cancers such as pancreatic cancer (Pothuraju et al., 2018)

Obesity is closely associated with the development of metabolic disorders and immune responses (Hamjane et al., 2020).

Obesity during childhood is a risk factor for obesity during adult life. Childhood obesity has also been linked to increased chances of premature death and disabilities during adulthood (Rito et al., 2019). The risk of premature death in obese children is linked to the increased risks of cardiovascular complications, insulin resistance, and the psychological effects of obesity (Rito et al., 2019). Disability risks are associated with the risk of bone fragility and fractures.

Healthcare providers who treat Obesity in Fort Worth, Texas

New Horizon Counselling Center

Connell & Associates

Restoration DBT

Blank State Therapy

Kinder in the Keys Treatment Center

Findray Therapy Services


ASMBS. (2017). Disease of Obesity. American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery.

Hamjane, N., Benyahya, F., Nourouti, N. G., Mechita, M. B., & Barakat, A. (2020). Cardiovascular diseases and metabolic abnormalities associated with obesity: What is the role of inflammatory responses? A systematic review. Microvascular Research, 131.

Lopez-Jimenez, F., & Miranda, W. R. (2010). Diagnosing obesity: Beyond BMI. Virtual Mentor, 12(4), 292–298.

Pothuraju, R., Rachagani, S., Junker, W. M., Chaudhary, S., Saraswathi, V., Kaur, S., & Batra, S. K. (2018). Pancreatic cancer associated with obesity and diabetes: An alternative approach for its targeting. Journal of Experimental and Clinical Cancer Research, 37(1).

Rito, A. I., Buoncristiano, M., Spinelli, A., Salanave, B., Kunešová, M., Hejgaard, T., Solano, M. G., Fijałkowska, A., Sturua, L., Hyska, J., Kelleher, C., Duleva, V., Milanović, S. M., Sant’Angelo, V. F., Abdrakhmanova, S., Kujundzic, E., Peterkova, V., Gualtieri, A., Pudule, I., … Breda, J. (2019). Association between characteristics at birth, breastfeeding and obesity in 22 countries: The WHO European childhood obesity surveillance initiative – COSI 2015/2017. Obesity Facts, 12(2), 226–243.


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The Course Project
In this week, you will complete the tasks of the project topic you selected in Week 1. Remember to use the same topic that your started in Week 1 for this assignment as well.

Disease Process-Obesity

Disease Process-Obesity

Topic 1: Disease Process
Select a disease process to be studied.
Research the disease and compile a bulleted list of symptoms, diagnostic procedures, progression, treatments, etc.
Identify all of the healthcare providers in the healthcare system that can treat this illness and the potential complications of this illness.
Create a list of providers who treat this disease in your area.
Thoroughly discuss each topic.
Submission Details:
Submit your answers in a 2- to 3-page Microsoft Word document. Support your answers with appropriate examples and research.
Cite any sources in APA format.
Post your response to the Submissions Area by the due date assigned.
Name your document SU_HCM2005_W2_A2_LastName_FirstInitial.doc.

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