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Comparing Transnational Crime

Comparing Transnational Crime

Describe the transnational crime and an introduction to each country being compared.

Drug trafficking is a transnational crime that most governments worldwide have been working hard to eliminate. According to Mackenzie (2020), drug trafficking can be defined as manufacturing, cultivating, selling, and distributing illegal drugs. It is the main link in the chain between drug consumption and production. The distribution patterns used in drug trafficking vary based on the level of activity, which dictates whether the distribution channel includes middlemen, wholesalers, or retailers, the degree of organization which focuses on whether the traffickers have vertical integration, are operating on payrolls, or are fighting over a region and the type of drug being distributed.

Germany and France are among the countries struggling to eliminate the issue of drug trafficking. Germany is ranked fourth among countries known for drug trafficking. The government has tried enacting various laws to prevent drug trafficking. Still, traffickers continue to smuggle cocaine into the country, resulting in a war between rival mafia clans involved in the drug trafficking business in the country. In 2020, the country’s drug regulation authorities seized several amphetamine shipments at German airports. On the other hand, France is struggling to eliminate the drug trafficking problem due to its strategic geographical position, which attracts traffickers transporting illegal drugs across Europe. This research will compare drug trafficking in Germany and France, including legal traditions in the two countries and their impact on crime definition, rate, and measurement.

Compare and contrast both countries’ definitions of crime, crime rates, and tools used to measure crime.

Drug trafficking in Germany and France is defined as illicit drug trade, including the manufacturing, cultivation, sale, and distribution of illegal substances. The rate of drug trafficking in the two countries differs due to the regulatory conditions set by the federal governments and the prevalence of the use of illicit drugs. The geographical position of the two countries also contributes to the difference in drug trafficking rates in the two countries. For instance, France has more drug trafficking crimes than Germany because its position enables drug traffickers to distribute drugs across Europe efficiently. The prevalence of corruption in the two countries is measured based on statistics on the availability of illegal substances. For instance, in the two countries, the most abused drugs are cocaine and cannabis, thus indicating that there is a high rate of trafficking of the two drugs in the country.

Determine each country’s legal traditions and their major influences on crime definition, rate, and measurement.

Germany implements the National Strategy on Drug and Addiction Policy to fight drug trafficking. The strategy focuses on helping people reduce or avoid the consumption of drugs. It is founded on four pillars: harm reduction techniques, prevention, supply reduction, and counseling, treatment, and assistance to overcome addiction. The strategy covers media addiction, alcohol, tobacco, prescription drug abuse and addiction, illegal drugs, and pathological gambling. The Länder is responsible for the enforcement of the laws regulating the sale and distribution of drugs. Länder and municipalities are in charge of implementing the drug and addiction policy. Drug trafficking offenses include supplying or selling drugs for personal use, which is punishable by up to five years in prison and a fine of up to 500,000 Euros. The illegal export and import of narcotics is punishable by ten years in prison and a fine of up to 50 million Euros (Hawdon & Kleiman, 2011). Drug traffickers may also be charged under customs offense and face a punishment of a maximum of three years in prison and fines amounting to two-and-a-half times the value of the illegal substances being trafficked. The laws have not contributed to reducing drug trafficking in Germany due to the increased corruption rate, allowing drug traffickers to continue distributing drugs to meet the rising demand caused by high addiction levels.

In France, drug trafficking is combated by implementing the National Action Plan on Addiction, which was adopted in 2018. The government has also strengthened international collaboration to prevent the transportation of drugs from neighboring countries. In 2020, the French government introduced a law allowing police officers to issue on-the-spot fines to individuals caught possessing small amounts of illegal drugs. The use and possession of illicit drugs in France is punishable by a maximum of 10 years in prison, depending on the quantity of drugs in possession (Rémuzat et al., 2013). The war on drug trafficking has, however, been ineffective in France, and the drug trafficking rate continues to increase since the government passed a law preventing the prosecution of people found possessing drugs and giving them the option of paying a fine of a minimum of 150 Euros within 15 days or 450 Euros within 45 days.

Examine the extent to which crime statistics compiled in different countries can adequately be compared. Provide support for the response.

The drug trafficking crime statistics in Germany and France can adequately be compared by reviewing the effectiveness of drug trafficking regulations in the countries. There is an evident difference in crime rates, and existing records indicate that drug trafficking is higher in France than in Germany. The two countries have also adopted a different approach to criminalizing drug trafficking. France is more relaxed by allowing individuals in possession to pay fines and get to walk away. France also has an ambiguous drug regulation structure, resulting in differential practices in different parts of the country.

References

Hawdon, J., & Kleiman, M. (2011). Encyclopedia of drug policy: “the war on drugs” Past, present, and future. SAGE.

Mackenzie, S. (2020). Drug trafficking. Transnational Criminology, 21-36. https://doi.org/10.1332/policypress/9781529203783.003.0002

Rémuzat, C., Toumi, M., & Falissard, B. (2013). New drug regulations in France: What are the impacts on market access? Part 1 – Overview of new drug regulations in France. Journal of Market Access & Health Policy, 1(1), 20891. https://doi.org/10.3402/jmahp.v1i0.20891

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Question 


Comparing Transnational Crime

Comparing Transnational Crime

Comparing Transnational Crime
For this assignment, you will select one transnational crime and two countries (from the six model nations in Chapter 4 of your text) to research the similarities and differences of transnational crime between the two countries. Use the Internet and the Strayer Library to conduct your research.
Write a 2–3 page paper in which you:
Describe the transnational crime and an introduction to each country being compared.
Compare and contrast both countries’ definitions of crime, crime rates, and tools used to measure crime.
Determine each country’s legal traditions and their major influences on crime definition, rate, and measurement.
Examine the extent to which crime statistics compiled in different countries can adequately be compared. Provide support for the response.
Provide at least three quality references. Note: Wikipedia and similar websites do not count as quality references.
Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
This course requires the use of Strayer Writing Standards. For assistance and information, please refer to the Strayer Writing Standards link in the left-hand menu of your system.
The specific course learning outcome associated with this assignment is:
Research the similarities and differences in transnational crime between the two countries.

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