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Cognitive Theory of Motivation-Banduras social cognitive theory

Cognitive Theory of Motivation-Banduras social cognitive theory

Reading the article “Human Agency in Social Cognitive Theory” provided an extensive overview of Bandura’s social cognitive theory. Accordingly, Bandura revolutionized the concept of traditional cognitive theories and created a whole new theory that combined psychological, behavioral, and cognitive processing. Key points highlighted in the article include the five concepts of Bandura’s new social cognitive theory. These concepts include human agency, triadic reciprocal causation, dysfunctional behavior, learning, and self-regulation. Another key point highlighted in the article is that a person’s self-efficacy beliefs play a significant role in their motivation, affect as well as action (Bandura, 1989). As such, these self-efficacy beliefs can either be self-hindering if one believes themselves to be not as capable or self-aiding if one believes themselves as capable.

Piaget’s cognitive development theory is one cognitive theory I read about this week. Piaget argued that there are four developmental stages, including the sensorimotor stage, preoperational stage, concrete operational stage, and formal operational stage (Babakr et al., 2019). The theory posits that knowledge does not result from an experience but is gained by integrating simpler concepts of knowledge into higher-level concepts at each stage of development. The second cognitive theory I learned about is Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory, which argues that learning is a social process (Panhwar et al., 2016). Accordingly, the theory argues that the environment in which children grow up, such as how knowledgeable the adults around them are, determines how their language, beliefs, and values will turn out.

The prefrontal cortex plays several significant roles, including moderating a person’s social behavior. This part of the brain carries out executive roles, which essentially means being able to determine good and evil, the consequences of an action, and social control, among others. A perfect example of this can be demonstrated by the prefrontal cortex of sociopaths, who have a reduced volume and fewer interconnections in this part of the brain compared to those who are not sociopaths (Pemment, 2013). Notably, these changes in sociopaths and psychopaths could result from several things, one of them being damage to this part of the brain.


Babakr, Z., Mohamedamin, P., & Kakamad, K. (2019). Piaget’s cognitive developmental theory: Critical review. Education Quarterly Reviews2(3).

Bandura, A. (1989). Human agency in social cognitive theory. American psychologist44(9), 1175.

Panhwar, A. H., Ansari, S., & Ansari, K. (2016). Sociocultural theory and its role in the development of language pedagogy. Advances in language and literary studies7(6), 183-188.

Pemment, J. (2013). Psychopathy versus sociopathy: Why the distinction has become crucial. Aggression and Violent Behavior18(5), 458-461.


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Cognitive Theory of Motivation
Read the following article from South University Online Library or the Internet.

Bandura, A. (1989). Human agency in social cognitive theory. American Psychologist, 44(9), 1175-1184.
In a cohesive essay, discuss the answers to the following questions:

Cognitive Theory of Motivation-Banduras social cognitive theory

Cognitive Theory of Motivation-Banduras social cognitive theory

Incorporating information that you learned from the brief document, the article, and your text readings for this week, in your own words, describe the key points in Bandura’s article, explain two cognitive theories that you read about this week, and describe the role that the prefrontal cortex plays in aiding a person to regulate his or her own behavior.

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