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Classical Theory Comparison

Classical Theory Comparison

Questions Neoanalytic Jungian Individual Psychology
Explain the goals for therapy from each theoretical orientation. (75-100 words each)


The neo-analytic theoretical approach of Ego Psychology in therapy aims to help the individual understand the relationship between their ego relates, their personal relationships, and their environment in shaping their personality. It brings out the unconscious self and helps individuals identify behavioral patterns that affect how they relate to others and situations. This is important to help an individual reflect on themselves, build healthy relationships with the people around them and their environment, and have a high sense of self (Rabstejnek & Kohut, 2020). Therapy from the perspective of Jungian therapy is based on the objective analysis of the unconscious self and how it influences behavior and relationships (Bologna et al., 2020). Therapy based on the Jungian theory adopts an objective analysis of dreams to determine their meanings, majorly the relationship between the dream and the ego (Roesler, 2020). Jungian therapy aims to help the client to identify and connect with the deeply rooted emotions, thoughts, and other factors that influence the development of the divine self and help them use such connections to better themselves. Therapy based on Individual Psychology aims to support a client working towards their life goals as well as seeking to grow their social connections. Individual psychology can help achieve these goals as it focuses on the basic desire to belong and the importance of belonging and engaging in constructive actions (Sperry & Sperry, 2020). The theory can support clients to positively contribute to personal and social growth as well as build themselves towards personal happiness.






Identify at least two techniques for each theory and the benefit to the client. (75-100 words each) Technique 1: Dream analysis

Technique 2: Transference

Benefit to the Client:

Dream analysis and transference techniques are beneficial to the client in various ways. Dream analysis can help the client understand the meaning of the subconscious imagery of the dream world and how it manifests itself in the awake world. Transference helps the client reflect on themselves and gain a sense of self-value. The techniques of Self-Psychology applied in therapy are beneficial to individuals with self-image issues, improve their self-esteem, and help them manage self-image-related mental health issues (Zhang, 2020).

Technique 1: Dream analysis

Technique 2: Word association

Benefit to the Client:

Jungian therapy benefits clients who have a goal to explore themselves further and achieve personal growth. The techniques enable the client to understand what their unconscious self is trying to tell their conscious self. Dream analysis can help the client to understand and relate different meanings of their dreams and how they may relate to certain unresolved emotional and psychological issues (Roesler, 2020). Therefore, through this understanding, the client can resolve such issues.

Technique 1: Socratic dialogue

Technique 2: Engagement

Benefit to the Client:

The techniques of Individual Psychology therapy help the client understand how to belong and grow relationships within their social environment, from the family outward (Sperry & Sperry, 2020). The therapy gives individuals hope, faith, and love (Mosak & Bluvshtein, 2019). This helps clients overcome feelings of inferiority and related behaviors. The individual can then be focused on their happiness and develop attitudes that are focused on doing what benefits society.

List the stages of counseling and how long it would take to complete the process.


The stage of neo-analytic therapy include orientation where the therapist establishes a relationship with the client, assessment to figure out the problem and what to do, insight and education, and resolution focusing on closure. In average, a client may need 20 sessions of 45 mins each. Counselling under the Jungian approach follows four phases; confessions, elucidation, education, and transformation. The process seeks to understand the client’s experiences and help them define their experiences and engage in a lifelong process of spiritual healing and transformation. The counsellor can consider as many sessions as needed. The Individual psychology therapy follow four stages of counselling which include; engagement, assessment, insight, and reorientation.

The counselor can provider 45 sessions lasting for up to 20 mins. However, the duration of the therapy is based on individual needs.

List the counselor’s and client’s roles. Counselor’s Roles:

To guide the client towards inner healing and to achieve and maintain their personality.

Client’s Roles:

Be open, facilitate the financing of incurred costs, and follow the developed recovery and healing plan.

Counselor’s Roles:

Guiding the client to understand and manifest their unconscious self in their conscious living.

Client’s Roles:

Openly express their self and experiences, remain engaged during therapy, and facilitate the sessions financially.

Counselor’s Roles:

The counselor explores the client’s past based on their experiences and helps the client set personal growth goals.

Client’s Roles:

Be open with their past experiences and help the counsellor develop the therapy objectives.

List the three qualities of a healthy person for each theory. 1. Trusting

2. Autonomous functioning

3. Intimate

1. Functional organ and organ systems

2. Appreciates their dark side

3. Self-actualization

1. Has overcome feelings of inferiority

2. Feels they have attained superiority

3. They do not focus on overcompensation


Bologna, R., Trede, F., & Patton, N. (2020). A Critical Imaginal Hermeneutics Approach to Explore Unconscious Influences on Professional Practices: A Ricoeur and Jung Partnership. The Qualitative Report, 25(10), 3486–3519.

Mosak, H. H., & Bluvshtein, M. (2019). Faith, hope, and love in psychotherapy. The Journal of Individual Psychology75(1), 75-88.

Rabstejnek, C. v, & Kohut, M. B. A. H. (2020). A Brief Review of Self Psychology. In Human and Organizational Understanding and Development (pp. 1–5).

Roesler, C. (2020). Jungian theory of dreaming and contemporary dream research – findings from the research project “Structural Dream Analysis.” The Journal of Analytical Psychology, 65(1), 44–62.

Sperry, J., & Sperry, L. (2020). Individual Psychology (Adler). Encyclopedia of Personality and Individual Differences, 2227–2231.

Zhang, S. (2020). Psychoanalysis: The Influence of Freud’s Theory in Personality Psychology. Proceedings of the International Conference on Mental Health and Humanities Education (ICMHHE 2020), 433, 229–232.


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Classical Theory Comparison

Classical Theory Comparison

Directions: Compare the three theories by answering the questions listed below for each theory as indicated. For the first two questions in the table, each theory should include a 75-100-word explanation. Include a minimum of two scholarly resources for each theory (total of six resources) in addition to the course textbook and include in-text citations when appropriate.

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