Case Study-Asperger’s Syndrome
Generally, Asperger’s syndrome refers to a neurological disorder characterized by the inability to communicate effectively and interact with others. The disorder can, therefore, be managed by interventions with social skills (Woodbury, 2021). Assuming an intervention is developed using social skills to train people with Asperger’s syndrome, an experiment can be carried out to confirm the effectiveness of the intervention scientifically. The best method to experiment is through the use of a prospective observational study. This method of study is more advantageous as it enables tracking changes in study participants (Martinez et al., 2019). The participants of the experiment are individuals confirmed to suffer from Asperger’s syndrome. The participants can, therefore, be divided into two groups, with one of the groups acting as the control group. The new skill should then be applied to one group and the standard group using the normal skill that already exists. Alternatively, the other group can be left without any intervention.
For a good yield of results, the study should be carried out for quite some time, for instance, one year. After some time, the two groups can then be compared. The comparison can be done by letting both groups interact with people while assessing their interaction and communication skills. The assessment process should be done by an external party who is less likely to be biased. The number of individuals able to communicate properly can then be plotted for each of the groups, and the total can be compared. The study should be both quantitative in terms of the number of individuals who have improved and qualitative in terms of the quality of the interaction skills showcased by the individuals. Should a positive result be recorded, then the skill should be passed for implementation for all individuals with Asperger’s syndrome.
Martínez, D., Papuzinski, C., Stojanova, J., & Arancibia, M. (2019). General concepts in biostatistics and clinical epidemiology: observational studies with a case-control design. Medwave, 19(10), e7716. https://doi.org/10.5867/medwave.2019.10.7716
Woodbury-Smith, M. (2021). Asperger syndrome. Encyclopedia of Autism Spectrum Disorders, 322-328. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-91280-6_136
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Assume that a new intervention has been developed using a new approach to social skills training to help individuals with Asperger’s syndrome. How would you design an experiment to test the intervention? Consider the type of experiment, exposure, measurement, ordering, assignment to condition, and comparison groups.