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Cardiovascular Disease in Women

Cardiovascular Disease in Women

According to the CDC, cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of death for women in the US. The population of American women most affected by this disease is white women and African Americans. In addition, the CDC also states that one in sixteen women over the age of twenty has a coronary disease (Peter et al., 2018). There are various risk factors that put women at high risk of developing heart diseases, with one of them being early menarche.

A report published by Hae Sang Lee showed that the age at which menarche starts decreased rapidly from the late 20th century into the 21st and has since remained constant. The previous age bracket was around seventeen years, but this age has decreased to around ten to twelve years for many young girls over the past few decades. This has been termed early menarche because menarche tends to be a late puberty event attributed to pubic hair growth and breast enlargement. Accordingly, among the many factors associated with early menarche include nutritional habits like using formula in the early stages of infancy and excessive ingestion of sugar-sweetened beverages (fructose), among others highlighted in the report by Hae Sang Lee.

Furthermore, early menarche is associated with several health issues: cardiovascular diseases, including coronary heart disease, hypertension, and even stroke. Kim & Lim (2021) argue that even though the exact link between early menarche and cardiovascular diseases has not been established yet, most women with heart diseases have had early menarche. A significant factor that leads to early menarche is excess fructose consumption. Accordingly, since early menarche is evident in all races, one strategy that can be implemented is controlling the amount of sugar-sweetened beverages consumed by young girls. For example, school vending machines should be regulated on the foodstuffs they provide. Also, more awareness should be given to these girls through social media on the dangers of fructose consumption, in addition to other factors that lead to early menarches, like obesity, nutritional habits, and lack of exercise, among others (Kim & Lim 2021).


Kim, J. H., & Lim, J. S. (2021). Early menarche and its consequence in Korean females: reducing fructose intake could be one solution. Clinical and experimental pediatrics64(1), 12.

Lee, H. S. (2021). Why should we be concerned about early menarche? Clinical and experimental pediatrics64(1), 26.

Peters, S. A., Colantonio, L. D., Zhao, H., Bittner, V., Dai, Y., Farkouh, M. E., … & Woodward, M. (2018). Sex differences in high-intensity statin use following myocardial infarction in the United States. Journal of the American College of Cardiology71(16), 1729-1737.


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Heart Disease is the number one cause of death, regardless of sex, in the United States. The causes of heart disease, though, vary by gender. The purpose of this assignment is to examine the causes of heart disease in women and develop a strategy to help decrease that risk.

Cardiovascular Disease in Women

Cardiovascular Disease in Women

Review the CDC’s website on Women and Heart Disease. Discuss one of the reasons given for heart disease in women and devise a strategy to help reduce or improve that reason in order to reduce heart disease in women. Include any revisions to your strategy for various races/ethnicities. Upload your assignment as a Word document, 500 words, double-spaced, APA format.

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