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CAM vs. Traditional

CAM vs. Traditional

Headache and allergic rhinitis are among the most common health conditions in our society. These conditions are so common that managing them with over-the-counter medication without necessarily having to consult a doctor first is a common practice. There are several therapeutic approaches available for the management of each of these conditions, with the recommendation depending on the pharmacy visited. For example, a traditional pharmacy will recommend ginger extracts for the management of a headache, while a CAM pharmacy will recommend acetaminophen for the same condition. On the other hand, a traditional pharmacy will recommend ginger and garlic extracts for the management of allergic rhinitis, while a CAM pharmacy will recommend cetirizine for the same con.

What specific conditions do the remedies treat?

Acetaminophen is used in the treatment of mild to moderate pain. It is effective in the treatment of headaches, menstrual cramps, toothache, muscle pains, sore throat, backache, common cold, and reactions to vaccinations. It is also effective in reducing fever (Gerriets et al., 2018). Cetirizine is an antihistamine used to treat allergic rhinitis, allergic conjunctivitis, hives, atopic dermatitis, nose inflammation due to allergies, seasonal running nose, hay fever, and reactions to stings or insect bites. Sometimes, it is used to prevent motion sickness and, in the short term, manage insomnia (Naqvi & Gerriets,2021). Ginger is used to treat migraines, allergic rhinitis, hypertension, common cold, arthritis, sore throat, and nausea. It can also treat bacterial infections and irritated skin, reduce pain, and decrease bad cholesterol. Garlic is used to fight viruses, bacteria, parasites, and fungi. It is used to treat hypertension, bronchitis, tuberculosis, diabetes, fever, rheumatism, liver disorders, colic, flatulence, intestinal worms, and dysentery.

How effective are they?

Acetaminophen is tolerated well by most patients. Besides, it has the best safety profile. When its dosages are used appropriately, serious side effects rarely occur (Gerriets et al., 2018). Cetirizine has a long half-life and a rapid onset of action; hence, it is well-tolable by most patients. Besides, it reduces the severity of symptoms and improves the patient’s quality of life.

Furthermore, there is no known tolerance to the antihistamine effect of cetirizine. It does not manifest serious side effects on the users (Naqvi & Gerriets,2021). Most people tolerate ginger and garlic fairly well. These agents are unlikely to induce serious adverse effects in their users. These substances are present in human diets and are utilized as cooking spices. However, these compounds have poor organoleptic qualities that limit their application (Frimpong et al.,2021). This can be enhanced by incorporating them into one’s die

Are there any side effects of the treatment?

There are side effects of the treatments. The side effects of acetaminophen include rash, nausea, abdominal pain, itching, loss of appetite, dark urine, dark urine, clay-colored stools, and jaundice (Gerriets et al., 2018). Long-term use can also lead to liver damage. The side effects of cetirizine include headache, diarrhea, dizziness, dry mouth, vomiting, stomach pain, and excessive fatigue (Naqvi & Gerriets,2021). The side effects of ginger include diarrhea, heartburn, burping, skin irritation when applied to the skin, and general discomfort to the stomach

Any contraindications?

Acetaminophen is contraindicated in severe active liver disease, severe liver impairment, acetaminophen hypersensitivity, and patients with calorie undernutrition. It is also contraindicated in patients with ethanol intoxication, hepatitis, hypovolaemia, renal impairment, renal failure, and G6PD deficiency (Gerriets et al., 2018). Cetrizine is contraindicated in patients with glaucoma, liver problems, renal impairment, inability to void, patients using alcohol or CNS depressants, and in cetirizine or its ingredients hypersensitivity patients (Naqvi & Gerriets,2021). Ginger is contraindicated in the third trimester of pregnancy as it increases the risk of bleeding. Larger amounts are contraindicated in breastfeeding mothers. It should be avoided in patients with bleeding disorders as it can increase the risk of bleeding. Patients with heart disorders should avoid large amounts of ginger because it exacerbates heart conditions. It is avoided in patients scheduled for surgery because it decreases blood clotting. The side effects of garlic include diarrhea, flatulence, bad breath, allergic reactions, heartburn, and risk of bleeding. The side effects are worse when using raw garlic. Besides, high doses can induce damage to the liver. Garlic is contraindicated in patients with hyperthyroidism, diabetes, bleeding, blood clotting problems, and before or after surgery because it increases the risk of bleeding.

What research is available to support the claim that these treatments are effective?

Research by Manti et al. (2020) concluded that acetaminophen and broad antihistamines in the remedy of cough among children and adolescents were effective and well-tolerated with mild side effects. Frimpong, Asong, and Aremu (2021) concluded that medicinal plants such as garlic and ginger were effective in managing and treating headaches in Africa. Moreover, the study revealed holistic traditional health practices in Africa by using certain plants to treat diseases such as headaches.

Compare and contrast the positives and negatives of each treatment.

Acetaminophen is safely used to relieve many types of mild to moderate pains and reduce fever. However, it can cause adverse side effects, causing liver injury, hepatic failure, and death. Cetirizine helps to relieve allergic symptoms by blocking the actions of histamine. It is also the most effective available antihistamine. However, it causes mild adverse effects such as dizziness, vomiting, and diarrhea that patients can easily tolerate. Ginger contains antioxidants that prevent damage and stress to the DNA of the body, hence promoting the healing of chronic diseases such as hypertension. However, causes harmful side effects such as increased bleeding, and overdose can cause cardiac arrhythmias and CNS depression. Garlic has antimicrobial activity against bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi hence effective in the management of hypertension, cancer prevention, and Dementia prevention. However, it increases the risk of bleeding and digestive problems.

Use peer-reviewed research to conclude what route you would take (CAM or Traditional) for each condition.

In conclusion, I will take the CAM route to treat headaches and allergic rhinitis. This is because research by Levin M. (2012) concluded that evidence is sparse for most herbal treatments, in large part due to a scarcity of funding for the type of studies needed to assess their efficacy. Therefore, due to the lack of evidence on the effectiveness of plant-based medications such as garlic and ginger, their use can lead to intolerable harmful side effects. Besides, these plant-based medications lack enough evidence on the therapeutic agents used, and the toxicology profile can be harmful to patients.

References

Frimpong, E. K., Asong, J. A., & Aremu, A. O. (2021). A Review on Medicinal Plants Used in the Management of Headache in Africa. Plants (Basel, Switzerland)10(10), 2038. https://doi.org/10.3390/plants10102038

Gerriets, V., Anderson, J., & Nappe, T. M. (2018). Acetaminophen.

Levin, M. (2012). Herbal treatment of headache. Headache: the journal of head and face pain52, 76-80.https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1526-4610.2012.02234.x

Manti, S., Tosca, M. A., Licari, A., Brambilla, I., Foiadelli, T., Ciprandi, G., & Marseglia, G. L. (2020). Cough remedies for children and adolescents: current and future perspectives. Pediatric Drugs22(6), 617-634.https://doi.org/10.1007/s40272-020-00420-4

Naqvi, A., & Gerriets, V. (2021). Cetirizine. StatPearls [Internet].

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Question 


Write a 3-4 page paper (12 Times New Roman font, APA format) discussing the two conditions you selected in unit 7. Discuss two treatment methods (one traditional, one CAM) for each condition. Compare and contrast the treatment methods available. Conclude your paper with the treatment method you would take for each condition using peer-reviewed research to support your decision.

CAM vs. Traditional

CAM vs. Traditional

Discuss the following in your paper:

A) What specific conditions do the remedies treat?
B) How effective are they?
C) Are there any side effects of the treatment?
D) Any contraindications?
E) What research is available to support the claim that these treatments are effective?
D) Compare and contrast the positives and negatives of each treatment
E) Use peer-reviewed research to draw a conclusion on what route you would take (CAM or Traditional) for each condition.

Checklist:
 3-4 COMPLETE pages in Times New Roman 12 (NO ABSTRACT IS NEEDED)
 Use scholarly research and your textbook to support your responses (Two peer-reviewed sources required).
 A reference page in APA format

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