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Behaviour Addiction Treatment

Behaviour Addiction Treatment

Eating disorders are an example of behaviour disorders where the individual has developed persistent eating habits that are generally affiliated with emotions and sometimes thoughts that distress them (Galmiche et al., 2019). Eating disorders include Binge eating, pica and Anorexia nervosa. Anorexia nervosa is when patients starve themselves intentionally, leading to low weight for their age and height. Binge eating is characterized by patients consuming a large amount of food in a short period, and they feel they have no control over their eating; this could lead to serious health issues such as obesity. Pica is characterized by patients repeatedly consuming substances that are not food and do not have any nutritional value for over a month. This becomes severe enough to warrant healthcare attention.

Behaviour addiction models used to help patients with behavioural addiction include harm reduction and abstinence-based models. Harm reduction focuses on the consequences of the behaviour rather than the causative agent. This model is not keen on abstinence as it is not the end goal (Hoffman & Froemke, 2007). In eating disorders, this model will focus on the consequences such as loss of weight as in Anorexia, obesity and lack of enough nutrients.

When applying this model, patients will be encouraged to be part of groups that create awareness of the impact of their disorder or adopt better eating habits. Abstinence-based therapy includes cognitive behaviour therapy based on developing skills and social learning (Hoffman & Froemke, 2007). The main focus of this model is to develop skills that will enable the patient to abstain from addictive behaviour. Accordingly, this includes allowing the patients to create better coping mechanisms, such as eating the foods they avoid.

References

Hoffman, J., & Froemke, S. (Eds.). (2007). Addiction: Why can’t they stop? (1st ed.). New York, NY: Rodale, Inc.

Galmiche, M., Déchelotte, P., Lambert, G., & Tavolacci, M. P. (2019). Prevalence of eating disorders over the 2000–2018: a systematic literature review. The American journal of clinical nutrition, 109(5), 1402-1413.

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Question 


Behaviour Addiction Treatment

Behaviour Addiction Treatment

In this activity, you are to discuss the application of these approaches to behavioural addictions and utilize academic references to support this application.
After reviewing the disease and harm reduction models for use with alcohol or substance abuse, answer the following questions:
• Choose another behavioural addiction (such as pornography, eating, shopping, etc.).
• Discuss how the harm reduction model and the abstinence-based models may be appropriate for use with the behavioural addiction you have chosen.

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