Need help with your Discussion

Get a timely done, PLAGIARISM-FREE paper
from our highly-qualified writers!


Aviation Safety

Aviation Safety

Aviation Safety

The Accident

In 2005, Aerospatiale AS350BA, N355NT, was involved in an accident. The accident occurred on 23 September. The approximate time of the accident was 1415 (Hawaiian standard time). The plane crashed into the Pacific Ocean after encountering adverse weather conditions. The crash happened a few hundred feet off the Kailiu Point coast near Haena on Hawaii’s Kauai Island. The accident resulted in the loss of three passengers’ lives. Two passengers sustained minor injuries alongside one commercial pilot (National Transportation Safety Board, 2007). The plane departed Lihue Airport for a 45-minute flight.

Upon departure, the pilot stated that the visibility was good, as well as the weather. The first part of the flight lacked any showers. Showers were encountered as the plane approached the northern part of Kauai Island. When the flight was at Kailiu Point, the pilot saw a McDonnell Douglas 500 helicopter approaching his plane. He dodged the crash by turning left. This turn led the plane into the storm, where there was heavy rain. According to two passengers on the flight, a helicopter flew in the opposite direction. However, it was below them. According to a different passenger, the helicopter was low enough that it looked like a bird (National Transportation Safety Board, 2007). These passengers noted that the pilot did not manoeuvre to evade the other helicopter.

The pilot described his lack of clear vision in the rain. However, the pilot could see the right of the coastline as well as below. Still, he reduced the speed of the aircraft and began a descent to retain the beach’s visual. However, one of the passengers noted that visibility was poor in the rain. The pilot announced that he would turn the plane back. However, when he made the right turn, the speed was reduced to zero, and the plane made a fast descent. The controls were no longer effective, and the pilot had to apply full power to reduce the speed of descent. The plane stabilized shortly in the air, but a left-hand spin took the flight above the water. Immediately, the pilot alerted passengers to prepare for water impact. He attempted to call the control panel as the helicopter continued to spin on the water’s surface before it sunk rapidly once the spinning stopped (National Transportation Safety Board, 2007).

NTSB Findings

Based on the investigation conducted by the NTSB, the pilot was required to wear glasses for close and intermediate visual. This limitation was found in his medical certificate dated 2004. When he flew on the day of the accident, the plane crashed when the pilot tried to reverse his course and return to base. The lack of enforcement consequences of the FAA-approved action when flying in such weather was found to be a probable cause of the accident. The FAA required pilots to cancel tours that required them to fly below SFAR 71. This minimum flying altitude is recommended due to visibility in storms. Part 135 rules provide a detailed requirement to return to base and avoid flying in such weather conditions. The NTSB concluded that the pilot’s decision to continue flying in the storm contributed to the loss of control and, subsequently, the accident. The three passengers lost their lives due to the lack of flotation equipment on the helicopter, which would have reduced the rate of sinking, thus enabling the passengers to safely evacuate in less stressful environments (National Transportation Safety Board, 2007).

Role of NTSB and SMS

NTSB is responsible for carrying out objective investigations in the case of an accident in the aviation sector. The aviation law guides the investigation. The investigation process should lead to a recommendation of interventions that improve the safety of passengers. Victims, as well as their families, should also receive guidance on the available assistance. Most importantly, the teams conducting an investigation should identify the most probable cause for the accident. This information is important for victims seeking legal assistance for compensation (Pezold, 1976). Thus, NTSB creates an understanding of the accident and details ways that could have prevented its occurrence.

The Safety Management System (SMS) is important in ensuring that aviation is safe. Just like any other business, the aviation industry is set to lose profits and clients if the safety of passengers and cargo derails (Air Safety Support International, 2018). Thus, its adoption ensures that an airline has support from customers due to stability. Failure to adopt SMS is costly when compared to the loss of avoiding proactivity. SMS principles recommend that airlines analyze the present hazards that could lead to accidents (Sudarshan, 2011). This can be done in various ways to suit the unique environments and aircraft. However, airlines must observe the aviation standards set by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). In this case, the pilot failed to observe the FAA’s rules, as detailed in part 135. This clearly indicated repeated defiance, as the witness pilots demonstrated. It seemed like the observation of these rules was optional. The pilot who crashed the helicopter also claimed that he had flown through the beach in similar conditions. These aspects demonstrated a lack of adherence to the rules that were created to increase the safety of passengers, staff, and planes.


Air Safety Support International. (2018). Safety Information and Reporting.

National Transportation Safety Board. (2007). Aviation Accident Brief. Washington D.C. Retrieved from

Pezold, R. K. (1976). National Transportation Safety Board – A Critical Review of Information Availability. Journal of Air Law and Commerce, 42(2), 363-384.

Sudarshan, H. V. (2011). Safety Management principles. Retrieved from


We’ll write everything from scratch


Improving Aviation Safety

For this assignment, conduct research and argue the importance of SMS and the NTSB in accident prevention. Access NTSB’s Aviation Accident Database & Synopses (Links to an external site.) to identify an aircraft accident investigation that has been completed. You may choose any type of aircraft and accident that you wish. Then, write a 2-3 page paper, not including the title page and reference page, that explains the accident, the findings, and considers the role of the NTSB, coupled with effective SMS principles, in preventing a similar accident from occurring.

Aviation Safety

Aviation Safety

Your paper must be supported by a minimum of three scholarly references, should be grammatically sound, and free of spelling errors. You must include a properly formatted title page, in-text citations where appropriate, and a reference page formatted according to current APA guidelines. If you have any questions regarding APA requirements, please refer to the current APA manual or ask your instructor.

Please refer to the rubric to ensure that you have a thorough understanding of the expectations and grading scale for this activity.

Save your assignment using a naming convention that includes your first and last name and the activity number (or description). Do not add punctuation or special characters.

Your paper will automatically be evaluated through Turnitin when you submit your assignment in this activity. Turnitin is a service that checks your work for improper citation or potential plagiarism by comparing it against a database of web pages, student papers, and articles from academic books and publications. Ensure that your work is entirely your own and that you have not plagiarized any material!

Have a similar assignment? "Place an order for your assignment and have exceptional work written by our team of experts, guaranteeing you A results."

Order Solution Now

Our Service Charter

1. Professional & Expert Writers: Eminence Papers only hires the best. Our writers are specially selected and recruited, after which they undergo further training to perfect their skills for specialization purposes. Moreover, our writers are holders of masters and Ph.D. degrees. They have impressive academic records, besides being native English speakers.

2. Top Quality Papers: Our customers are always guaranteed of papers that exceed their expectations. All our writers have +5 years of experience. This implies that all papers are written by individuals who are experts in their fields. In addition, the quality team reviews all the papers before sending them to the customers.

3. Plagiarism-Free Papers: All papers provided by Eminence Papers are written from scratch. Appropriate referencing and citation of key information are followed. Plagiarism checkers are used by the Quality assurance team and our editors just to double-check that there are no instances of plagiarism.

4. Timely Delivery: Time wasted is equivalent to a failed dedication and commitment. Eminence Papers are known for the timely delivery of any pending customer orders. Customers are well informed of the progress of their papers to ensure they keep track of what the writer is providing before the final draft is sent for grading.

5. Affordable Prices: Our prices are fairly structured to fit in all groups. Any customer willing to place their assignments with us can do so at very affordable prices. In addition, our customers enjoy regular discounts and bonuses.

6. 24/7 Customer Support: At Eminence Papers, we have put in place a team of experts who answer all customer inquiries promptly. The best part is the ever-availability of the team. Customers can make inquiries anytime.

Office Address: 2066 N Capitol Ave, San Jose, CA 95132, United States
UK Address: 2 Frederick Street, Kings Cross, London, United Kingdom, WC1X 0ND ©2023 All rights reserved. Terms of usePrivacy Policy Revision PolicyMoney Back Guarantee | Plagiarism Free Guarantee
We Can Write It for You! Enjoy 20% OFF on This Order. Use Code SAVE20

Stuck with your Assignment?

Enjoy 20% OFF Today
Use code SAVE20