According to the National Alliance on Mental Illness, over 40 million Americans, which accounts for an estimated 19.1 percent of the population, suffer from anxiety disorders such as panic disorders, agoraphobia, or generalized anxiety disorder (NAMI, 2017). Anxiety disorders also affect the younger generation, including an estimated 7 percent of children aged between 3 and 17 years every year. The high number affected by anxiety disorders reflects a need to review one of these disorders to better inform the public on the symptoms to watch out for, the measures to take in addressing the problem, and the treatments available to address the problem (NAMI, 2017).
Symptoms of Generalized Anxiety Disorders
The symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder symptoms vary from one patient to the other but will typically include some of the following (Mayo Clinic, 2021). The most common ones include persistent anxiety or worry about areas of issues in a manner that is out of proportion with the event’s impacts, overthinking the solutions to the possible worst-case scenarios, indecisiveness, and the fear of making erratic decisions (Mayo Clinic, 2021).
Other symptoms of the disorder include perceiving a threat in any event or situation, even where there is none, the inability to relax and feel restful, and difficulty concentrating, and challenges dealing with uncertainty, even in situations that present minimal or no risk (Mayo Clinic, 2021).
Further, generalized anxiety disorders trigger certain physical signs and symptoms, including trouble sleeping, fatigue, muscle aches or tension, trembling or twitchiness, nervousness, sweating, irritability, and nausea or irritable bowel syndrome (Mayo Clinic, 2021).
Signs and Symptoms of a Patient
According to the DSM-5 guidelines, a patient suffering from generalized anxiety disorders will show excessive worry and anxiety that occurs on more days for over six months about different issues, ranging from school and work performance (Reynolds & Kamphaus, 2013).
Secondly, the patient will have challenges controlling their worry. Thirdly, the patient will show worry and anxiety associated with at least of the following symptoms that have been present for more days than peaceful ones for the past six months. The symptoms include restlessness, being easily fatigued, irritability, difficulty concentrating, sleep problems, and muscle tension (Reynolds & Kamphaus, 2013). In the case of children, only one symptom is required to show evidence that they are suffering from the disorder. Fourthly, the patient will show significant distress that affects their social, occupational, or other areas of functioning. Fifth, the patient will show psychological disturbance not associated with the physiological indications of substance use. Finally, the patient will show disturbance that cannot be explained based on other medical disorders (Reynolds & Kamphaus, 2013).
Prevalence of Generalized Anxiety Disorders in the U.S
In the US, generalized anxiety disorders affect an estimated 6.8 million adults, which translates to an estimated 3.1 percent of the total population ADAA, 2021). Unfortunately, only an estimated 43.2 percent of the affected population is getting treatment for the disorder. The mental disorder affects women more disproportionately, noting that they are twice as likely to suffer from the illness compared to men. Statistically, the illness also often occurs together with major depression and thus requires considerable diagnosis and case exploration (ADAA, 2021).
Individual Perception of the Impacts on Workplace Performance
Generalized anxiety disorders have a major impact on workplace performance. Having people suffering from mental illness in the workplace will have many adverse effects due to the ways it affects behaviour and performance outcomes. For example, people suffering from the disorder often turn down an offer to be promoted in the workplace, despite the fact that they can take the position successfully, for example, because it entails public speaking or travelling. Similarly, affected people are more likely to perform poorly in teams, which affects the performance of the overall team. Generalized anxiety disorders often affect staff behaviours, compelling them to leave office fun events, parties, and team-building activities, or staff lunches, among other important activities. Finally, the affected individual will often be unable to meet deadlines, which affects work delivery negatively.
Treatment for Generalized Anxiety Disorders
One of the treatment methods that work well for patients with generalized anxiety disorders is psychotherapy. When using the treatment method, the various approaches employed include psychotherapy and psychological counselling, which entail closely working with a psychotherapist to manage and minimize anxiety symptoms (Mayo Clinic, 2021). Cognitive-behavioural therapy is the most effective form of psychological counselling, which focuses on teaching the patient the specific skills required to manage their anxiety and worries. The treatment helps the patient to overcome the fears, anxieties, and worries that affect them, helping them regain control and performance of the activities they may have avoided. By managing the symptoms, the patient regains psychological control. Cognitive-behavioural therapy can also be combined with the use of medications to control the symptoms, including antidepressants such as venlafaxine (Effexor XR) (Mayo Clinic, 2021).
The long-term prognosis for generalized anxiety disorder is that an estimated 40 percent of the patients experience the illness for over five years. During the time that the patient is suffering from the illness, the disease will cause functional impairment, reduce vocational function, and affect the quality of life. Fortunately, the illness improves with time, especially with effective management.
ADAA. (2021). Facts & Statistics. Anxiety & Depression Association of America. https://adaa.org/understanding-anxiety/facts-statistics
Mayo Clinic. (2021). Generalized anxiety disorder. Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/generalized-
NAMI. (December 2017). Anxiety Disorders. National Alliance on Mental Illness. https://www.nami.org/About-Mental-Illness/Mental-Health-Conditions/Anxiety-Disorders
Reynolds, C.R., & Kamphaus, R.W. (2013). Generalized Anxiety Disorder: DSM-5™ Diagnostic Criteria. Pearson Clinical.
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Complete a thorough summary of a psychological disorder of your choice (I have provided a sample list below). Please provide signs and symptoms of the disorder, how it is diagnosed, and what treatments are available (medication, therapy, hospitalization etc). Additionally, please share if there is an age requirement for the diagnosis and provide statistics related to how many people are diagnosed with this disorder year and if the disorder is considered common or rare Provide as much detail as possible. Please use at least two references and do not plagiarize.
Please choose only one.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD )
Disruptive behaviour and dissocial disorders.
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