Need help with your Assignment?

Get a timely done, PLAGIARISM-FREE paper
from our highly-qualified writers!

Acid-Base Imbalance

Acid-Base Imbalance

Identifying the Acid-Base Disorder

After carefully examining Tony’s arterial blood gas (ABG) findings, it is apparent that he is currently undergoing respiratory acidosis with partial compensation (Lone, 2019; Patel & Sharma, 2021). A low pH indicates acidemia, while the increased levels of PaCO2 and HCO3 suggest primary respiratory acidosis, with the kidneys attempting to compensate. Tony’s respiratory system is not effectively removing carbon dioxide (CO2), causing increased carbonic acid (H2CO3) and a subsequent decrease in blood pH.

Understanding the Causes

His medical history heavily influences Tony’s acid-base disorder. Asthma and COPD in these individuals make them prone to acute exacerbations. These exacerbations can hinder the exchange of gases, leading to increased levels of PaCO2 and ultimately contributing to respiratory acidosis (Lone, 2019; Patel & Sharma, 2021). Furthermore, respiratory ailment, presumably pneumonia, is indicated by the patient’s presenting symptoms of cough, fever, and fatigue. Respiratory infections can worsen respiratory acidosis by causing airway inflammation, excessive mucus production, and increased CO2 retention.

Signs and Symptoms

Tony’s clinical presentation aligns with the acid-base imbalance he is presently experiencing. The dyspnea experienced by the individual is a result of increased levels of PaCO2, leading to an elevated respiratory rate and subsequent breathing difficulties. Tachycardia is a physiological response that seeks to alleviate acidosis and enhance tissue perfusion. Furthermore, Tony’s hypotension can be attributed to the body’s compensatory mechanisms, particularly vasodilation, which helps counteract the impact of acidosis (Lone, 2019; Patel & Sharma, 2021). The patient’s pulse oximetry reading of 84% suggests significant oxygen desaturation, indicating the severity of his hypoxemia. This condition is likely worsening his symptoms of dyspnea and fatigue. Furthermore, acidosis can cause central nervous system depression, resulting in fatigue and lethargy.

Multidimensional Nursing Care

Addressing Tony’s complex condition requires a multidimensional approach, including respiratory support, medication management, fluid and electrolyte balance, continuous assessment, and education and support. Firstly, it is imperative that Tony adheres to the physician’s prescription and receives supplemental oxygen in order to optimize oxygenation and ameliorate the condition of hypoxemia. It is essential to consistently surveil the respiratory rate, pulse oximetry, and lung sounds to ascertain sufficient oxygenation and promptly identify any potential decline. Secondly, administering bronchodilators to mitigate bronchoconstriction and enhance the patency of the airway assumes a paramount role in managing this condition (Katzung et al., 2021). The administration of antibiotics would be warranted if Tony’s symptoms can be attributed to a respiratory infection, with the primary objective being the amelioration of the root cause. Thirdly, sustaining proper hydration is of utmost importance to avert dehydration, a condition that can potentially intensify the state of acidosis (Katzung et al., 2021). It is imperative to engage in routine evaluation of electrolyte concentrations, with a particular emphasis on potassium, as acidosis may precipitate disturbances in electrolyte equilibrium.

Following this, continuous surveillance of essential physiological indicators is of utmost importance, explicitly emphasizing respiration, cardiac rhythm, and systemic blood pressure alterations. Regular arterial blood gas (ABG) measurements are necessary to assess treatment efficacy and monitor the status of acid-base equilibrium. Lastly, patient and family education should cover the comprehensive management of Tony’s chronic conditions, which includes instructing on the correct inhaler technique, promoting medication adherence, and facilitating early identification of exacerbation indicators (Katzung et al., 2021). Ensuring Tony’s emotional well-being and addressing his health-related anxieties are equally important, underscoring timely medical attention’s criticality.


When tending to Tony, a patient afflicted with respiratory acidosis, it is imperative to employ a comprehensive strategy that encompasses the root causes, enhances oxygenation, and imparts knowledge and emotional assistance. This approach will alleviate Tony’s condition and augment his overall well-being and quality of life.


Katzung, B. G., Kruidering-Hall, M., Tuan, R. L., Vanderah, T. W., & Trevor, A. J. (2021). Katzung & Trevor’s Pharmacology Examination and Board Review, Thirteenth Edition. In Google Books. McGraw Hill Professional.

Lone, N. (2019, February 27). Respiratory Acidosis: Practice Essentials, Etiology and Pathophysiology.

Patel, S., & Sharma, S. (2021, June 24). Respiratory Acidosis. National Library of Medicine; StatPearls Publishing.


We’ll write everything from scratch


Acid-Base Imbalance disorder

Acid-Base Imbalance disorder

Describe strategies for safe, effective multidimensional nursing care for clients with acid-base imbalances.
Tony is a 56-year-old, Hispanic male who presented to the Emergency Room with complaints of shortness of breath, which he has been experiencing for the past two days. He states “I haven’t felt good for about a week, but couldn’t afford to miss work.” He complains of a cough, fever, and feeling exhausted. Past medical history includes asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and diabetes. Upon physical examination, you notice that Tony is struggling to breathe, his respiratory rate is 36 breaths per minute and labored, his heart rate is 115 beats per minute, his blood pressure is 90/40 mm Hg, and his pulse oximetry is 84% on room air. You notify the MD. He orders oxygen at 2 L via NC and an arterial blood gas.
Tony’s ABG results:
pH 7.28
PaCO2-55 mm Hg
PaO2-70 mm Hg HCO3-30 mEq/L
In a 1-2 page Word document:
1. Determine Tony’s acid-base imbalance
2. Describe possible causes of the imbalance
3. Identify the signs and symptoms that Tony is exhibiting as a result of the acid-base imbalance
4. List the multidimensional care strategies that are appropriate for the care of Tony

Order Solution Now